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Table 1 Baseline characteristics of the volunteers

From: Chronic sucralose consumption induces elevation of serum insulin in young healthy adults: a randomized, double blind, controlled trial

 48 mg
n = 30
96 mg
n = 31
Control
n = 34
pa
Age, years (±SD)22.9 ± 3.522.6 ± 2.822 ± 3.20.86
Gender, n
 Females2018200.75
 Males1013140.43
BMI, kg/m224.1 ± 2.923.8 ± 3.324.2 ± 3.80.84
WHR, cm/cm0.8 ± 0.070.8 ± 0.080.81 ± 0.070.69
Body fat, %37.2 ± 5.234.4 ± 5.935.5 ± 7.20.21
Fat free mass, kg39.9 ± 8.243.1 ± 9.241.6 ± 8.50.34
Lean dry mass, kg11.3 ± 2.0312.04 ± 2.111.6 ± 2.020.42
Total body water, %44.8 ± 4.347.09 ± 4.546.2 ± 5.40.19
Total cholesterol, mg/dL163.4 ± 28.3165.9 ± 33.5161.5 ± 27.90.83
HDL cholesterol, mg/dL41.6 ± 9.645.2 ± 10.343.09 ± 9.50.34
LDL cholesterol, mg/dL95.5 ± 22.598.2 ± 29.797.2 ± 24.80.91
Triglycerides, mg/dL125.5 ± 110.5102.5 ± 69.799.8 ± 58.30.39
HOMA-IR1.71 ± 0.71.48 ± 0.71.61 ± 0.60.41
HbAc1, mg/dL (±SD)5.2 ± 0.25.1 ± 0.35.2 ± 0.20.38
Intake
 Energy, Kcal/d1935.9 ± 681.72133. ± 965.82264.1 ± 12470.42
 Lipids, g/d67.6 ± 43.469.2 ± 43.371.5 ± 59.90.95
 Protein, g/d94.4 ± 60.6100.7 ± 44.3103.9 ± 74.80.82
 Carbohydrate, g/d227.8 ± 59.32264.7 ± 133.9289.4 ± 118.40.08
NNS, mg/d102 ± 287.568 ± 140.374.34 ± 141.50.84
 Consumption of NNS n (%)21 (70)20 (64)23 (73)0.56
 Adherence to intervention (%)94.14 ± 11.8186.07 ± 19.1287 ± 20.370.16
  1. BMI body mass index, HOMA hemoglobin model assessment, Hb1Ac hemoglobin glycated, HDL high density lipoproteins, LDL low density lipoproteins, SD standard deviation, WHR waist-to-hip ratio, g/d grams per day a One-Way ANOVA