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Table 6 Association between demographics, BMI, nutritional status and inadequate micronutrient intake

From: Are dietary intake and nutritional status influenced by gender? The pattern of dietary intake in Lao PDR: a developing country

 AdolescentsAdultPregnant womenLactating women
 InadequateOR (95%-CI)P-valuesInadequateOR (95%-CI)P-valueInadequateOR (95%-CI)P-valueInadequateOR (95%-CI)P-valueInadequateOR (95%-CI)P-valueInadequateOR (95%-CI)P-value
 Boys, Freq (%)  Girls, Freq (%)  Men, Freq (%)  Women, Freq (%)  Subject, Freq (%)  Subject, Freq (%)  
Residence
- Rural74 (93.7)REF 64 (85.3)REF0.17983 (91.2)REF 96 (87.3)REF 95 (92.2)REF 99 (93.4)REF 
- Urban21 (75.0)0.20 (0.06–0.71)0.01223 (74.2)0.94 (0.18–1.38)29 (87.9)0.70 (0.20–2.50)0.58134 (81.0)0.62 (0.24–1.61)0.32533 (89.2)0.70 (0.20–2.46)0.57237 (92.5)0.87 (0.21–3.55)0.848
Season     0.759            
- Rainy41 (82.0)REF 47 (81.0)REF54 (85.7)REF 61 (79.2)REF 61 (92.4)REF 68 (94.4)REF 
- Dry54 (94.7)3.95 (1.01–15.52)0.04940 (83.3)1.17 (0.43–3.19)58 (95.1)3.22 (0.83–12.53)0.09169 (92.0)3.02 (1.11–8.20)0.0367 (90.5)0.79 (0.24–2.60)0.69268 (91.9)0.67 (0.18–2.47)0.544
Region
- Northern-Lowland40 (97.6)REF 26 (86.7)REF 40 (97.6)REF 54 (91.5)REF 45 (97.8)REF 47 (92.2)REF 
- Central-SH26 (83.9)0.13 (0.01–1.18)0.0726 (76.5)0.50 (0.13–1.87)0.30340 (90.9)0.25 (0.03–2.34)0.22439 (84.8)0.52 (0.15–1.75)0.28744 (95.7)0.49 (0.04–5.59)0.56545 (93.8)1.28 (0.27–6.03)0.758
- Mekong Corridor29 (82.9)0.21 (0.01–1.06)0.05635 (83.3)0.77 (0.20–2.91)0.69932 (82.1)0.11 (0.01–0.98)0.04837 (78.7)0.34 (0.11–1.08)0.06839 (81.3)0.10 (0.01–0.79)0.0344 (93.6)1.25 (0.26–5.90)0.78
BMI
- Underweight10 (100.0)NA0.9992 (110.0)NA0.9994 (100.0)NA0.99911 (84.6)0.86 (0.16–4.63)0.8632 (100.0)NA0.99911 (100.0)NA0.999
- Normal weight79 (91.9)REF 76 (81.7)REF 53 (89.8)REF 51 (86.4)REF 40 (90.9)REF 73 (94.8)REF 
- Overweight0 (0.0)0.0 (0.0–0.0)0.9995 (71.4)0.56 (0.10–3.13)0.50823 (88.5)0.87 (0.20–3.77)0.8523 (82.1)0.72 (0.21–2.45)0.637 (97.4)3.70 (0.40–34.63)0.25224 (92.3)0.66 (0.11–3.82)0.64
- Obesity6 (66.7)0.18 (0.04–0.87)0.0334 (100.0)NA0.99932 (91.4)1.21 (0.28–5.17)0.79945 (86.5)1.01 (0.34–3.00)0.98849 (87.5)0.70 (0.19–2.56)0.5928 (87.5)0.38 (0.09–1.64)0.196
  1. Inadequate micronutrient adequacy as < 4 adequate micronutrient intakes (out of 8 in total). Reference category = inadequate micronutrient adequacy, defined as < 4 adequate micronutrient intakes.
  2. NA Not applicable, REF Reference category, REF Reference category, OR Odd Ratio
  3. P-value = Level of significance