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Table 3 Baseline characteristics of individuals with and without depressive symptoms at 5 years follow-up

From: Adherence to the Australian dietary guidelines and development of depressive symptoms at 5 years follow-up amongst women in the READI cohort study

Baseline characteristicDepressive symptoms at 5 years follow-up
n = 174
No depressive symptoms at 5 years follow-up
n = 663
P
Depression (CES-D), mean (SD)5.93 (2.24)4.38 (2.54)P < 0.0005
DGI score, mean (SD)51.54 (11.12)54.37 (11.39)P = 0.003
Age, mean (SD)37.23 (7.18)37.07 (7.33)P = 0.878
Highest education level, % (n)
 Low (less than high school)25.3 (44)20.4 (135)P = 0.091
 Medium (high school /trade/diploma)49.4 (86)46.2 (306) 
 High (tertiary)25.3 (44)33.5 (222) 
 Born in Australia, % (n)90.8 (158)92.2 (611)P = 0.671
Employment status, % (n)
 Full-time39.7 (69)36.7 (243)P = 0.146
 Part-time29.3 (51)37.1 (246) 
 Not currently employed31.0 (54)26.2 (174) 
Relationship status, % (n)
 Married/de facto70.1 (122)76.3 (506)P = 0.188
 Separated/divorced/widowed8.0 (14)7.5 (50) 
 Never married21.8 (38)16.1 (107) 
Area of residence, % (n)
 Urban44.8 (78)39.5 (262)P = 0.237
 Rural55.2 (96)60.5 (401) 
Smoking status, % (n)
 Never smoked46.6 (81)56.0 (371)P = 0.035
 Former smoker29.3 (51)27.1 (180) 
 Current smoker24.2 (42)16.9 (112) 
BMI categories, % (n)
 Under/healthy weight50.6 (88)56.9 (377)P = 0.015
 Overweight25.3 (44)28.2 (187) 
 Obese24.1 (42)14.9 (99) 
 BMI, mean (SD)26.38 (6.09)25.45 (5.22)P = 0.108
 Total minutes per week leisure time physical activity, mean (SD)221.90 (295.98)220.98 (286.47)P = 0.717