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Table 3 Baseline characteristics of individuals with and without depressive symptoms at 5 years follow-up

From: Adherence to the Australian dietary guidelines and development of depressive symptoms at 5 years follow-up amongst women in the READI cohort study

Baseline characteristic Depressive symptoms at 5 years follow-up
n = 174
No depressive symptoms at 5 years follow-up
n = 663
P
Depression (CES-D), mean (SD) 5.93 (2.24) 4.38 (2.54) P < 0.0005
DGI score, mean (SD) 51.54 (11.12) 54.37 (11.39) P = 0.003
Age, mean (SD) 37.23 (7.18) 37.07 (7.33) P = 0.878
Highest education level, % (n)
 Low (less than high school) 25.3 (44) 20.4 (135) P = 0.091
 Medium (high school /trade/diploma) 49.4 (86) 46.2 (306)  
 High (tertiary) 25.3 (44) 33.5 (222)  
 Born in Australia, % (n) 90.8 (158) 92.2 (611) P = 0.671
Employment status, % (n)
 Full-time 39.7 (69) 36.7 (243) P = 0.146
 Part-time 29.3 (51) 37.1 (246)  
 Not currently employed 31.0 (54) 26.2 (174)  
Relationship status, % (n)
 Married/de facto 70.1 (122) 76.3 (506) P = 0.188
 Separated/divorced/widowed 8.0 (14) 7.5 (50)  
 Never married 21.8 (38) 16.1 (107)  
Area of residence, % (n)
 Urban 44.8 (78) 39.5 (262) P = 0.237
 Rural 55.2 (96) 60.5 (401)  
Smoking status, % (n)
 Never smoked 46.6 (81) 56.0 (371) P = 0.035
 Former smoker 29.3 (51) 27.1 (180)  
 Current smoker 24.2 (42) 16.9 (112)  
BMI categories, % (n)
 Under/healthy weight 50.6 (88) 56.9 (377) P = 0.015
 Overweight 25.3 (44) 28.2 (187)  
 Obese 24.1 (42) 14.9 (99)  
 BMI, mean (SD) 26.38 (6.09) 25.45 (5.22) P = 0.108
 Total minutes per week leisure time physical activity, mean (SD) 221.90 (295.98) 220.98 (286.47) P = 0.717