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Table 4 Diet quality scores (in times/day) identified in the total sample with pro-Healthy-Diet-Index (pHDI) and non-Healthy-Diet-Index (nHDI) by metabolic health status: data from KomPAN questionnaire (median and interquartile range)

From: Metabolically healthy obese and metabolic syndrome of the lean: the importance of diet quality. Analysis of MAGNETIC cohort

Diet quality scores and food itemsTotal sampleMHMSP value
pHDI3.88 (2.7–5.32)3.98 [2.85–5.49]3.47 (2.48–4.82)0.005
 Components of pHDI
  (1) Fruit0.50 (0.50–1.00)0.50 (0.50–1.00)0.50 (0.50–1.00)0.059
  (2) Vegetables0.50 (0.50–1.00)0.50 (0.50–1.00)0.50 (0.50–1.00)0.083
  (3) Milk0.50 (0.14–1.00)0.50 (0.14–1.00)0.50 (0.06–1.00)0.031
  (4) White meat0.50 (0.14–0.50)0.50 (0.14–0.50)0.50 (0.14–0.50)0.522
  (5) Coarse-ground groats0.14 (0.06–0.50)0.14 (0.06–0.50)0.06 (0.06–0.14)0.003
  (6) Fermented milk drinks0.14 (0.06–0.50)0.14 (0.06–0.50)0.14 (0.06–0.50)0.466
  (7) Cheese curd products0.14 (0.06–0.50)0.14 (0.06–0.50)0.14 (0.06–0.50)0.598
  (8) Whole meal bread0.14 (0.06–0.50)0.14 (0.06–0.50)0.14 (0.06–0.50)0.883
  (9) Fish0.06 (0.06–0.14)0.06 (0.06–1.00)0.06 (0.06–0.14)0.989
  (10) Legumes-based foods0.06 (0.06–0.06)0.06 (0.06–0.06)0.06 (0.06–0.06)0.118
nHDI4.70 (3.26–6.26)4.48 (3.08–6.08)5.38 (3.65–6.63)< 0.0001
 Components of nHDI
  (1) White bread0.50 (0.50–1.00)0.50 (0.50–1.00)0.50 (0.50–2.00)0.171
  (2) Cheese0.50 (0.14–0.50)0.50 (0.14–0.50)0.50 (0.14–0.50)0.035
  (3) Cured meat0.50 (0.14–0.75)0.50 (0.14–0.50)0.50 (0.50–1.00)0.002
  (4) Fried foods0.50 (0.14–0.50)0.50 (0.14–0.50)0.50 (0.14–0.50)0.025
  (5) Sweets0.50 (0.14–0.50)0.50 (0.14–0.50)0.50 (0.14–0.50)0.359
  (6) Butter0.50 (0.06–1.00)0.50 (0.06–1.00)0.50 (0.14–1.00)0.032
  (7) Red meat0.14 (0.06–0.50)0.14 (0.06–0.50)0.14 (0.06–0.50)0.039
  (8) White rice and fine-ground groats0.14 (0.06–0.50)0.14 (0.06–0.50)0.14 (0.06–0.50)0.897
  (9) Sweetened carbonated or still drinks drinks0.06 (0.06–0.50)0.06 (0.06–0.50)0.14 (0.06–0.50)< 0.0001
  (10) Alcoholic beverages0.06 (0.06–0.14)0.06 (0.06–0.14)0.14 (0.06–0.50)< 0.0001
  (11) Fast foods0.06 (0.06–0.14)0.06 (0.06–0.14)0.06 (0.06–0.14)0.010
  (12) Energy drinks0.00 (0.00–0.06)0.00 (0.00–0.06)0.00 (0.00–0.06)0.0002
  (13) Lard0.00 (0.00–0.06)0.00 (0.00–0.06)0.00 (0.00–0.06)0.011
  (14) Tinned (jar) meats0.00 (0.00–0.06)0.00 (0.00–0.06)0.00 (0.00–0.06)0.002