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Table 1 Descriptive characteristics of participants in six Tanzania Demographic and Health Surveys (TDHS 1991–2016)

From: Trends in prevalence and determinants of stunting in Tanzania: an analysis of Tanzania demographic health surveys (1991–2016)

VariablesTDHS 1991–1992TDHS 1996TDHS 1999TDHS 2004–2005TDHS 2009–2010TDHS 2015–2016
N%N%N%N%N%N%
Highest educational level of mother respondents
 No education25613518122980728208526195926201321
 Primary447062415567198368552669521968614265
 Secondary20832073108427534686127913
 Higher180.320.03  891200.3871
Body mass index (kg/m2) of mother respondents
 Low (< 18.50)63895179  550768196377
 Normal (18.50–24.99)572980471578  618778558074647669
 Overweight (25.00–30.00)6981069612  95912101813161617
 Obese (> 30.00)12321402  230330047248
Age at 1st birth of mother respondents
 0–19497269405766195167519765493364592262
 20–2922523121023493932271934267035348337
 30 and above320.5280.4680.35916411151
Duration of breastfeeding of mother respondents
  < 6882127041134712877118861298210
 6–1213341811551950517156820146619112812
 13–24423458349556163356460958443458130414
  > 24702106381029510709959681191
 Inconsistent breastfeeding210.2260.4100.3200.3380.5591962
 Never get breastfeeding350.596278316221332681
Number of living children of mother respondents
 112231710571754419131817113915179619
 215202111861964222183823162721199321
 312411711551948117151719148719171618
 4993148801442915106813111815124013
 5786116661128210774108521195610
 6–15(> 5)14932112442052018146118144319181919
Sex of head of household
 Male639588522584241583661983634783787583
 Female861129631648417135617132017164517
Residence of respondents
 Rural580880505682235381641780613780698073
 Urban14492011321854619155820153020254127