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Table 3 Mean factor scores and mixed-effect multilinear regression (MLR) coefficient to assess change in dietary pattern scores

From: Education and lifestyle predict change in dietary patterns and diet quality of adults 55 years and over

Men
 201020122014Mixed-effect MLR
mean (SD)aβ (95% CI)P-trend
Factor 1 Vegetable dishes, fruit, fish & poultry1.46 (0.78)1.32 (0.70)1.32 (0.73)−0.07 (− 0.08, − 0.05)< 0.001
Factor 2 Red or processed meat, white bread, fried fish & hot chips0.48 (0.54)0.43 (0.48)0.39 (0.45)−0.04 (− 0.05, − 0.03)< 0.001
DGI-2013 score82.2 (14.2)82.9 (14.1)83.0 (14.1)0.42 (0.16, 0.69)0.002
Women 
 201020122014Mixed-effect MLR
 mean (SD)aβ (95% CI)P-trend
Factor 1 Vegetables, fruit & fish1.54 (0.74)1.51 (0.72)1.48 (0.70)−0.03 (−0.04, −0.01)P < 0.001
Factor 2 Cakes, processed meat, hot chips & confectionary0.24 (0.22)0.22 (0.20)0.21 (0.18)−0.01 (− 0.02, − 0.01)P < 0.001
DGI-2013 score90.4 (13.4)90.6 (13.1)90.6 (13.1)0.07 (−0.19, 0.33)0.584
  1. Abbreviation: MLR mixed-effect multilinear regression SD standard deviation CI Confident interval
  2. a Values are mean factor scores calculated using baseline (2010) factor loadings at all time points