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Table 4 Distribution of energy percent (E%) intake from protein, fat, carbohydrate, fibre and alcohol

From: Time trends in nutrient intake and dietary patterns among five birth cohorts of 70-year-olds examined 1971–2016: results from the Gothenburg H70 birth cohort studies, Sweden

Birth cohort1901–021911–12192219301944   
Examination years1971–721981–831992–932000–022014–16   
Womenn = 188within NNR rec.n = 130within NNR rec.n = 136within NNR rec.n = 321within NNR rec.n = 474within NNR rec.Linear trendχ2 within NNR rec.Recommended E% intake*
 Mean (SD)%Mean (SD)%Mean (SD)%Mean (SD)%Mean (SD)%P valueP value % 
 Protein E%15 (2)3314 (2)3316 (3)ª ʰ5716 (3)ª ʰ5217 (3)ª ʰ ʲ ʳ60< 0.0001< 0.000115–20
 Fat E%36 (6)7637 (5)7235 (6)ʰ7734 (6)ª ʰ7737 (7)ª ʲ ʳ670.1320.00725–40
 Carbohydrates E%47 (6)6546 (5)ª5545 (6)ª5346 (6)ª5840 (7)ª ʰ ʳ ʲ23< 0.0001< 0.000145–60
 Alcohol E%0 (1)1001 (1)ª962 (3)ª962 (2)ª ʰ923 (4)ª ʰ ʲ ʳ79< 0.0001< 0.0001<  5
 Fibre E%2 (1) 2 (0.5) 2 (1) 2 (1) 3 (1) < 0.0001 No rec.
Menn = 182 n = 132 n = 63 n = 233 n = 387    
 Protein E%14 (2)3014 (2)ª2016 (3)ª ʰ4915 (2)ª ʰ5416 (3)ª ʰ ʳ61< 0.0001< 0.000115–20
 Fat E%36 (5)8437 (5)ª7034 (6)ʰ8134 (6)ª ʰ7837 (6)ʲ ʳ730.9390.02125–40
 Carbohydrates E%47 (5)6445 (5)ª4945 (7)ª4445 (7)ª4940 (7)ª ʰ ʲ ʳ25< 0.0001< 0.000145–60
 Alcohol E%1 (2)952 (3)ª863 (3)ª844 (4)ª ʰ ʲ765 (5)ª ʰ ʲ61< 0.0001< 0.0001<  5
 Fibre E%2 (1) 2 (1) 2 (0.5) 2 (1) 2 (1) < 0.0001 No rec.
  1. * Based on the Nordic nutrition recommendations (NNR) 2012
  2. ªSignificant difference compared with birth cohort1901–02
  3. ʰSignificant difference compared with birth cohort 1911–12
  4. ʲSignificant difference compared with birth cohort 1922
  5. ʳSignificant difference compared with birth cohort1930
  6. ʸNNR recommended intake (RI) levels of macro- and micronutrients