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Table 1 Study participant characteristics

From: Estimating mean population salt intake in Fiji and Samoa using spot urine samples

Characteristics Fiji (n = 414) Samoa (n = 725)
Age, years (mean, SD)a 45 (11) 39 (13)
Sex (%)
 Male 45 45
 Female 55 55
Region (%) 42 Central 16 Apia
5 Eastern 29 Northwest Upolu
18 Northern 27 Rest of Upolu
34 Western 29 Savaii
Education (%)a
 Completed primary school or less 48 33
 Completed secondary school 37 51
 Completed tertiary school 15 15
Height, cm (mean, SD) 167 (10) 167 (8)
Weight, kg (mean, SD)a 81 (19) 92 (21)
BMI, kg/m2 (mean, SD)a 29 (6) 33 (7)
SBP, mmHg (mean, SD)a 133 (21) 130 (19)
DBP, mmHg (mean, SD) 83 (13) 82 (14)
Urine volume, mL/day (mean, SD)a 1684 (742) 1357 (641)
Creatinine excretion, mmol/day (mean, SD)a 10 (5) 13 (5)
  1. adifference between Fiji and Samoa participants significant at p < 0.05; SD Standard deviation; BMI Body mass index, SBP Systolic blood pressure, DBP Diastolic blood pressure