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Table 5 Prevalence of inadequacies of usual nutrient intakes among Filipino adults by age and statusa

From: Food sources, energy and nutrient intakes of adults: 2013 Philippines National Nutrition Survey

Nutrients 19–49 years (young adults) 50 years and above (older adults)
Wealth quintiles Wealth quintiles
Poorest Poor Middle Rich Richest Poorest Poor Middle Rich Richest
Sample, n 2577 2653 2594 2454 2308 1542 1638 1552 1453 1468
Total fat (%) b 90* 77 64 37 17 91* 86 76 55 33
Protein (%) b 7* 3 1 < 1 < 1 9* 4 2 < 1 1
Carbohydrates (%) b < 1* < 1 < 1 3 9 < 1* < 1 < 1 1 3
Protein (g/d) 57* 50 41 32 30 74* 70 64 57 48
Thiamine (mg/d) 86* 81 75 66 60 91* 91 89 85 80
Riboflavin (mg/d) 94* 92 89 81 76 95* 94 93 91 85
Niacin (mg NE/d) 22* 15 8 4 5 36* 29 19 17 12
Vitamin A (μg RE/d) 56* 68 59 50 46 70* 74 72 70 62
Vitamin C (mg/d) 96* 98 99 98 98 89NS 91 97 95 89
Vitamin B6 (mg/d) 40* 38 28 21 14 70* 66 65 61 45
Vitamin B12 (μg/d) 14* 13 10 4 4 27* 22 14 9 8
Folate (μg DFE/d) 84* 88 93 91 93 83* 88 92 94 91
Iron (mg/d) 99* 98 98 96 95 97* 95 95 93 87
Calcium (mg/d) 98* 98 98 98 96 95* 94 95 96 97
Phosphorus (mg/d) 23* 17 13 10 11 40* 35 27 28 20
Zinc (mg/d) 29* 21 16 5 4 53* 43 33 25 15
Selenium (μg/d) 1NS 1 < 1 0 0 4* 2 1 < 1 0
  1. Abbreviations: NE Niacin equivalent, RE Retinol equivalent, DFE Dietary folate equivalent
  2. a8th NNS 2013
  3. Values shown are percentages of study sample below daily Estimated Average Requirement (EAR), with the exception of b Acceptable
  4. Macronutrient Distribution Range (AMDR)
  5. *Statistically significant difference between poorest and richest adults of the same age group, P < 0.05. NS Not significant