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Table 4 Prevalence of inadequacies of usual nutrient intakes among Filipino adults by age and gender groupsa

From: Food sources, energy and nutrient intakes of adults: 2013 Philippines National Nutrition Survey

Nutrients 19–49 years (young adults) 50 years and above (older adults)
Both genders Gender Both genders Gender
Male Female Male Female
Sample, n 12,896 6935 5961 7853 3593 4314
Total fat (%) b 55† 62* 48 67 72* 63
Protein (%) b 2NS 2 NS 2 3 3 NS 3
Carbohydrates (%) b 3 NS 3 NS 3 2 2 NS 1
Protein (g/d) 42† 33* 51 62 53* 70
Thiamine (mg/d) 73† 68* 81 89 86* 92
Riboflavin (mg/d) 86† 87NS 86 91 94 NS 94
Niacin (mg NE/d) 10† 5* 13 22 14* 28
Vitamin A (μg RE/d) 54† 53* 55 66 65* 67
Vitamin C (mg/d) 98† 99* 97 96 97* 95
Vitamin B6 (mg/d) 28† 17* 38 61 55* 64
Vitamin B12 (μg/d) 9† 6* 13 17 11* 23
Folate (μg DFE/d) 90† 86* 93 89 86* 92
Iron (mg/d) 97† 95* 99 99 95* 97
Calcium (mg/d) 98† 97* 99 95 95* 99
Phosphorus (mg/d) 14† 6* 24 30 16* 42
Zinc (mg/d) 14† 15* 10 34 34* 27
Selenium (μg/d) < 1NS < 1NS < 1 1 1NS 1
  1. Abbreviations: NE Niacin equivalent, RE Retinol equivalent, DFE Dietary folate equivalent
  2. a8th NNS 2013
  3. Values shown are percentages of study sample below daily Estimated Average Requirement (EAR), with the exception of b Acceptable Macronutrient Distribution Range (AMDR)
  4. Statistically significant difference between young adults and older adults, P < 0.05. NS Not significant
  5. *Statistically significant difference between male and female adults of the same age group, P < 0.05. NS Not significant