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Table 3 Mean usual nutrient intakes of Filipino adults by age and gender groups: 8th NNS 2013

From: Food sources, energy and nutrient intakes of adults: 2013 Philippines National Nutrition Survey

Nutrients 19–49 years (young adults) 50 years and above (older adults)
Both genders Gender Both genders Gender
Male Female Male Female
Sample, n 12,896 6935 5961 7853 3593 4314
Macronutrients
 Energy (kcal/d) 1828 ± 6a 2096 ± 8b 1535 ± 6 1527 ± 6 1767 ± 7b 1322 ± 6
 Total fat (g/d) 32.2 ± 0.2a 34.7 ± 0.3b 29.5 ± 0.2 21.2 ± 0.2 23.2 ± 0.4b 19.6 ± 0.2
 Saturated fat (g/d) 14.3 ± 0.1a 15.2 ± 0.1 NS 13.4 ± 0.1 10.3 ± 0.1 11.0 ± 0.1 NS 10.0 ± 0.1
 MUFA (g/d) 10.8 ± 0.1a 11.6 ± 0.1b 10.1 ± 0.1 7.5 ± 0.1 8.0 ± 0.1 NS 7.0 ± 0.1
 PUFA (g/d) 5.3 ± 0.1a 5.9 ± 0.1 NS 4.8 ± 0.1 3.7 ± 0.1 3.9 ± 0.1b 3.4 ± 0.1
 Protein (g/d) 60.1 ± 0.2a 68.7 ± 0.3 NS 50.7 ± 0.2 50.1 ± 0.2 58.3 ± 0.3b 43.0 ± 0.2
 Carbohydrates (g/d) 322 ± 1NS 372 ± 1b 266 ± 1 273 ± 1 317 ± 2 NS 237 ± 1
 Total sugars (g/d) 26.3 ± 0.1a 25.0 ± 0.2 NS 28.0 ± 0.2 25.7 ± 0.2 24.7 ± 0.2 NS 26.5 ± 0.2
 Dietary fiber (g/d) 9.1 ± 0.03a 10.1 ± 0.1b 8.0 ± 0.04 8.5 ± 0.04 9.5 ± 0.1b 7.6 ± 0.1
As percentage of total energy
 Total fat (%) 15.1 ± 0.1a 14.0 ± 0.5b 16.3 ± 0.1 13.2 ± 0.1 12.4 ± 0.1 NS 13.8 ± 0.1
 Protein (%) 13.3 ± 0.02a 13.2 ± 0.04b 13.4 ± 0.02 13.4 ± 0.02 13.5 ± 0.04b 13.3 ± 0.03
 Carbohydrates (%) 71.1 ± 0.1a 71.9 ± 0.1b 70.3 ± 0.1 73.0 ± 0.1 73.2 ± 0.1 NS 72.9 ± 0.1
Vitamins
 Thiamine (mg/d) 0.8 ± 0.01a 0.9 ± 0.01b 0.7 ± 0.01 0.6 ± 0.03 0.7 ± 0.01b 0.6 ± 0.03
 Riboflavin (mg/d) 0.7 ± 0.01a 0.8 ± 0.01 NS 0.6 ± 0.01 0.6 ± 0.04 0.6 ± 0.01b 0.5 ± 0.03
 Niacin (mg NE/d) 19.5 ± 0.1a 22.3 ± 0.1 NS 16.4 ± 0.1 16.6 ± 0.1 19.2 ± 0.1b 14.2 ± 0.1
 Vitamin B6 (mg/d) 1.6 ± 0.01a 1.8 ± 0.01b 1.5 ± 0.01 1.4 ± 0.01 1.5 ± 0.01b 1.2 ± 0.01
 Vitamin B12 (μg/d) 4.0 ± 0.01a 4.4 ± 0.02b 3.5 ± 0.02 3.6 ± 0.02 4.2 ± 0.03b 3.1 ± 0.02
 Vitamin A (μg RE/d) 470 ± 2a 505 ± 3b 433 ± 3 408 ± 3 447 ± 4b 375 ± 3
 Vitamin C (mg/d) 23.4 ± 0.1a 22.7 ± 0.2NS 22.8 ± 0.2 24.1 ± 0.2 24.4 ± 0.3 NS 23.8 ± 0.2
 Vitamin E (mg α-TE/d) 2.9 ± 0.01a 3.2 ± 0.02b 2.6 ± 0.02 2.5 ± 0.02 2.8 ± 0.03b 2.3 ± 0.02
 Vitamin D (μg/d) 3.2 ± 0.01a 3.5 ± 0.02b 2.9 ± 0.02 3.0 ± 0.02 3.4 ± 0.03b 2.7 ± 0.02
 Folate (μg DFE/d) 190 ± 1a 203 ± 1b 177 ± 1 182 ± 1 196 ± 2b 171 ± 2
Minerals
 Calcium (mg/d) 312 ± 1a 340 ± 1b 281 ± 1 308 ± 2 328 ± 2b 268 ± 2
 Iron (mg/d) 8.8 ± 0.03a 9.6 ± 0.04b 7.9 ± 0.04 7.5 ± 0.04 8.2 ± 0.1b 6.7 ± 0.04
 Phosphorus (mg/d) 882 ± 3a 1012 ± 4 NS 739 ± 3 750 ± 3 869 ± 5 NS 647 ± 3
 Sodium (mg/d) 821 ± 3a 851 ± 5b 817 ± 5 727 ± 5 699 ± 6b 667 ± 5
 Zinc (mg/d) 6.8 ± 0.1a 7.5 ± 0.1 NS 5.8 ± 0.1 5.5 ± 0.1 6.2 ± 0.1 NS 4.9 ± 0.1
 Magnesium (mg/d) 181 ± 1a 204 ± 1b 155 ± 1 159 ± 1 182 ± 1b 140 ± 1
 Potassium (mg/d) 1271 ± 4a 1392 ± 5b 1140 ± 5 1155 ± 5 1282 ± 8b 1046 ± 6
 Selenium (μg/d) 103.1 ± 0.3a 117.8 ± 0.5b 87.3 ± 0.4 84.5 ± 0.4 97.0 ± 0.6b 73.6 ± 0.4
  1. Abbreviations: MUFA Monounsaturated fatty acids, PUFA Polyunsaturated fatty acids, NE Niacin equivalent, RE Retinol equivalent, α-TE α-tocopherol equivalent, DFE Dietary folate equivalent
  2. Values shown are mean ± standard error of usual nutrient intakes
  3. aStatistically significant difference between young adults and older adults with adjustment for total energy intake by ANCOVA test. NS Not significant
  4. bStatistically significant difference between male and female adults of the same age group with adjustment for total energy intake by ANCOVA test. NS Not significant