Skip to main content

Table 3 Multivariable least square means of low nutritive value foods intakes in 1147 French-speaking adults from 5 administrative regions of the Province of Quebec, Canada

From: Consumption of low nutritive value foods and cardiometabolic risk factors among French-speaking adults from Quebec, Canada: the PREDISE study

Sociodemographic characteristics n (weighted) Intake of low nutritive value foods, mean (95%CI)
Kcal/d % of total energy
All
 All 1147 723 (697–749) 29.0 (28.2–29.7)
Sex
 Men 571 838 (792–884) a 30.7 (29.3–32.2) a
 Women 576 572 (537–608) b 27.5 (26.2–28.9) b
P   < 0.0001 < 0.0001
Age group, y
 18–34 408 799 (749–849) a 31.2 (29.6–32.8) a
 35–49 338 694 (644–743) b 28.3 (26.6–30.1) b
 50–65 400 622 (582–663) c 27.8 (26.4–29.3) b
P   < 0.0001 0.0004
BMI groupa
 Normal (< 25.0) 453 611 (569–653) a 27.6 (26.1–29.2) a
 Overweight (25.0–29.9) 383 694 (647–742) b 29.1 (27.5–30.7) a,b
 Obese (≥30.0) 312 810 (759–861) c 30.6 (29.0–32.3) b
P   < 0.0001 0.006
Educationa
 High school or no diploma 284 734 (683–786) 30.2 (28.4–31.9) a
 CEGEP b 353 712 (666–759) 29.5 (28.0–31.1) a,b
 University 510 669 (624–713) 27.7 (26.1–29.3) b
P   0.06 0.03
Household incomea, $CAD
  < 30, 000 192 731 (663–798) a,b 29.6 (27.5–31.7)
  ≥ 30, 000 to < 60, 000 328 705 (657–752) a,b 28.7 (27.1–30.3)
  ≥ 60, 000 to < 90, 000 227 652 (603–701) a 27.9 (26.1–29.7)
  ≥ 90, 000 400 733 (688–778) b 30.3 (28.8–31.8)
P   0.02 0.07
  1. All values are mean (95%CI). P-values are the partial effect of the sociodemographic characteristics on intake in the linear models. Except for the “all” estimates, subgroup least square means are adjusted for age group, sex, administrative region, BMI group, education and household income level, reporting status and the number of weekend recalls, when appropriate. Subgroups least square means without a common superscript letter indicate a low p-value (P < 0.05, Tukey-Kramer). Rounding of weighted frequencies may have caused sample size to equal 1147 ± 1
  2. BMI body mass index, CI confidence intervals
  3. a Missing characteristics have been imputed. See Material and methods for details
  4. b CEGEP is a pre-university and technical college institution specific to the Quebec educational system