Skip to main content

Table 2 Characteristics of 1147 French-speaking adults from 5 administrative regions of the Province of Quebec, Canada across level of exposure of low nutritive value foods

From: Consumption of low nutritive value foods and cardiometabolic risk factors among French-speaking adults from Quebec, Canada: the PREDISE study

  Proportion of total energy intake from low nutritive value foods
Quarter 1 n = 286 Quarter 2 n = 286 Quarter 3 n = 287 Quarter 4 n = 287
≤ 19.1%E 19.1–27.7%E 27.7–37.9%E >  37.9%E
Mean dietary intake estimates/d
 Total energy intake, kcal 2169 (696) 2312 (648) 2457 (693) 2671 (830)
 Saturated fats, g 27 (12) 30 (11) 34 (14) 38 (16)
 Total sugars, g 100 (48) 110 (47) 115 (51) 127 (64)
 Sodium, mg 3083 (1331) 3270 (1202) 3504 (1319) 3691 (1488)
 Fibers, g 26 (12) 23 (8) 21 (8) 19 (8)
 Vegetables and whole fruits, servings 5.7 (3.2) 4.9 (2.6) 4.5 (2.2) 3.5 (2.0)
 Whole grain products, servings 2.2 (2.1) 1.6 (1.6) 1.4 (1.4) 1.0 (1.3)
Sex
 Men 19.8 26.2 24.4 29.5
 Women 30.1 23.7 25.6 20.6
Age group, y
 18–34 23.6 22.8 23.7 29.9
 35–49 27.0 27.5 22.2 23.3
 50–65 24.7 25.0 28.7 21.6
Administrative region
 Estrie 24.0 28.2 26.5 21.3
 Saguenay-Lac-Saint-Jean 22.7 24.5 20.6 32.2
 Capitale-Nationale/Chaudière-Appalaches 24.4 23.7 25.5 26.4
 Montreal 27.1 26.8 24.3 21.8
 Mauricie 22.3 20.0 29.0 28.6
BMI groupa
 Normal (< 25.0) 27.5 26.0 24.1 22.4
 Overweight (25.0–29.9) 20.8 26.3 27.6 25.3
 Obese (≥30.0) 26.3 21.9 23.2 28.6
Educationa
 High school or no diploma 24.1 21.2 24.9 29.8
 CEGEP c 23.2 24.7 25.1 27.1
 University 26.7 27.3 25.0 21.0
Household incomea, $CAD
  < 30, 000 27.5 26.0 19.7 26.9
  ≥ 30, 000 to < 60, 000 28.1 21.3 25.4 25.2
  ≥ 60, 000 to < 90, 000 27.1 26.1 23.5 23.3
  ≥ 90, 000 20.0 26.9 28.1 25.0
Smoking
 Yes 17.6 18.5 23.3 40.7
 Formerly 25.2 23.8 27.4 23.6
 Never 26.8 27.4 24.0 21.7
Dietary supplement or health product usage
 Yes 33.1 20.8 26.4 19.7
 No 22.0 26.5 24.5 27.0
Medication usage b
 Yes 23.9 22.8 26.6 26.7
 No 26.0 26.9 24.3 22.8
Occurrence of moderate or intense physical activity sessions / week b
 None 24.4 22.7 26.7 26.1
 1 to 3 23.0 26.5 25.7 24.8
 4 to 6 22.9 23.3 27.6 26.2
 7 or more 30.2 27.6 21.0 21.1
Reporting status
 Under-reporter (rEI:pER≤0.78) 39.0 26.1 16.4 18.5
 Plausible reporter (0.78 < rEI:pER< 1.22) 24.2 26.0 25.7 24.2
 Over-reporter (rEI:pER≥1.22) 18.9 22.5 28.4 30.1
  1. Values are mean (SD) for dietary intakes and row percentage for demographic characteristics. All frequencies are weighted for exact age and sex-representativeness in each region. Rounding of weighted frequencies may have caused sample size to equal 1147 ± 1. Data were not further adjusted. BMI body mass index, CEGEP collège d’enseignement général et profesionnel, CI confidence intervals, E total energy intake, pER predicted energy requirements, rEI self-reported energy intake
  2. a Missing demographic characteristics have been imputed. See Material and methods for details
  3. b The numbers in subgroups may not sum to the total number of participants due to missing data. In such case, data were not imputed
  4. c CEGEP is a pre-university and technical college institution specific to the Quebec educational system