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Table 4 Changes in metabolic parameters following SMART WASHOKU or control meals

From: The study of metabolic improvement by nutritional intervention controlling endogenous GIP (Mini Egg study): a randomized, cross-over study

Variables SMART WASHOKU Control P value
Body weight, kg −0.97 (1.04) −0.69 (0.82) 0.297
Body mass index, kg/m2 −0.33 (0.36) −0.23 (0.28) 0.332
Body fat, % 0.05(1.30) −0.08(1.61) 0.777
VFA, cm2 −13.0 (9.3) −3.4 (12.3) 0.005
Waist circumference, cm −1.85(1.7) −0.86(1.6) 0.102
Hip circumference, cm −0.17(0.9) −0.19(0.9) 0.893
Systolic blood pressure, mmHg −2.3(7.7) −1.6(8.5) 0.675
Diastolic blood pressure, mmHg −2.0(5.1) −0.6(6.1) 0.352
Fasting plasma glucose, mg/dL −1.7 (8.4) −0.2 (5.2) 0.503
HbA1c, % −0.15 (0.12) −0.08 (0.08) 0.022
Fasting serum insulin, IU −0.6 (1.7) 0.1 (1.9) 0.248
HOMA-IR −0.2 (0.6) 0.0 (0.4) 0.054
HOMA-β −3.6 (28.3) −15.9 (64.9) 0.476
Triglyceride, mg/dL −47.7 (57.4) 5.9 (59.4) 0.016
LDL-cholesterol, mg/dL −25.1 (12.2) 0.95 (16.6) < 0.001
HDL-cholesterol, mg/dL −8.0 (4.7) −3.1 (6.4) 0.008
AST, IU/L 0.2 (3.8) −1.1 (4.1) 0.304
ALT, IU/L −2.4 (8.9) −0.2 (7.9) 0.370
γ-GT, IU/L −8.9 (15.1) −0.9 (8.8) 0.058
hs-CRP 0.02 (0.08) −0.04 (0.14) 0.104
  1. 1 Data are presented as mean (SD). AST Aspartate transaminase, ALT Alanine transaminase, γ-GT γ-glutamyltranspeptidase, Hs-CRP High-sensitivity C-reactive protein