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Table 4 Multivariable linear regression analysis of across tertiles of dietary pattern scores associated with serum testosterone and kidney function biomarkers a

From: Dietary patterns in relation to testosterone levels and severity of impaired kidney function among middle-aged and elderly men in Taiwan: a cross-sectional study

 Fried-processed dietary patternVege-seafood dietary pattern
T2PT3PT2PT3P
β (95% CI)β (95% CI)β (95% CI)β (95% CI)
Testosterone (nmol/L)−0.78 (− 1.40, − 0.16)0.014−0.19 (− 0.86, 0.48)0.58−0.05 (− 0.82, 0.71)0.890.04 (− 0.73, 0.81)0.92
T/TG ratio−1.76 (−2.99, − 0.53)0.005−0.81 (− 2.14, 0.53)0.240.54 (− 0.99, 2.07)0.480.94 (− 0.60, 2.49)0.23
BUN (mmol/L)0.09 (0.04, 0.15)0.0010.06 (−0.00, 0.12)0.06−0.00 (− 0.06, 0.05)0.89− 0.03 (− 0.09, 0.03)0.36
Creatinine (μmol/L)0.94 (0.08, 1.80)0.0310.21 (−0.67, 1.09)0.64−1.03 (− 1.89, − 0.17)0.018−1.47 (−2.32, − 0.61)0.001
eGFR (mL/min/1.73 m2)−0.64 (− 1.05, − 0.24)0.002−0.39 (− 0.81, 0.03)0.070.46 (0.05, 0.86)0.0271.01 (0.60, 1.41)<  0.001
  1. T/TG testosterone-to-triglycerides, BUN blood urea nitrogen, eGFR estimated glomerular filtration rate
  2. a Data were analyzed by model 3 adjusted for age, BMI, education level, marital status, family income, smoking, drinking alcohol, sleeping, physical activity, cardiovascular disease, hypertension, diabetes, and CRP levels using T1 as the reference group (n = 21,376, except for testosterone levels and T/TG ratio, n = 256). Dairy-grain dietary pattern is not listed in the table because there was no association between the dairy-grain dietary pattern and all the variables above