Skip to main content

Table 4 Background data among food intake patterns during 2008–2016 for women in the Northern Sweden Diet Database (n = 26 914)

From: Changes in food intake patterns during 2000–2007 and 2008–2016 in the population-based Northern Sweden Diet Database

  Cluster 1 Cluster 2 Cluster 3 Cluster 4 P-value
High-fat spread and high-fat dairy (n = 19 093) Fruit, vegetables and oil (n = 4 561) Sandwiches (n = 2 792) Soda and sweets (n = 468)
Age (yrs) 49.5 (8.1) 52.8 (7.7) 52.1 (8.1) 47.2 (7.7) < 0.001
Body weight (kg) 71.6 (14.2) 70.8 (13.1) 72.6 (14.6) 74.2 (16.4) < 0.001
Body mass index (kg/m2) 26.1 (5.0) 26.0 (4.7) 26.6 (5.2) 27.2 (5.8) < 0.001
Marital statusa (%)      < 0.001
 Married/cohabitating 81.3 78.6 81.4 71.9  
 Unmarried/other 18.7 21.4 18.6 28.1  
Education (%)      < 0.001
 Secondary school or less 56.4 46.2 64.7 66.0  
 Academic education 43.6 53.8 35.3 34.0  
Physical activity indexb (%)      < 0.001
 Inactive 14.2 9.9 13.3 18.3  
 Moderately inactive 25.1 21.8 27.6 27.8  
 Moderately active 28.4 23.8 28.2 27.1  
 Active 32.3 44.4 30.8 26.8  
Smoking (%)      < 0.001
 Smoker 13.0 8.7 15.0 23.9  
 Former smoker 31.3 38.6 33.7 27.4  
 Never smoker 55.6 52.7 51.3 48.7  
  1. Values are mean (SD) and proportions. Continuous variables were analysed using ANOVA and categorical variables were analysed using Chi-square test. aIn total, 59 women are missing information on marital status. bIn total, 2180 women are missing information on physical activity