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Table 3 Background data among food intake patterns during 2000–2007 for women in the Northern Sweden Diet Database (n = 24 360)

From: Changes in food intake patterns during 2000–2007 and 2008–2016 in the population-based Northern Sweden Diet Database

  Cluster 1 Cluster 2 Cluster 3 Cluster 4 P-value
High-fat dairy, white bread, sugar/jam and cookies (n = 9 670) Fruit, high-fiber bread and low-fat milk (n = 8 579) Bacon/sausage and fast food (n = 5 726) Pulses and tea (n = 385)
Age (yrs) 50.4 (8.0) 52.7 (7.5) 45.8 (7.1) 50.0 (8.0) < 0.001
Body weight (kg) 69.7 (13.1) 71.4 (12.9) 70.3 (13.2) 69.4 (13.4) < 0.001
Body mass indexa (kg/m2)a 25.5 (4.7) 26.3 (4.5) 25.7 (4.6) 25.2 (4.7) < 0.001
Marital statusa (%)      < 0.001
 Married/cohabitating 81.5 81.2 82.4 71.7  
 Unmarried/other 18.5 18.8 17.6 28.3  
Education (%)      < 0.001
 Secondary school or less 71.0 61.4 63.2 45.2  
 Academic education 29.0 38.6 36.8 54.8  
Physical activity indexb (%)      < 0.001
 Inactive 14.5 13.0 18.2 12.9  
 Moderately inactive 32.1 29.0 31.3 27.4  
 Moderately active 29.4 26.5 26.6 23.1  
 Active 24.0 31.5 23.9 36.6  
Smoking (%)      < 0.001
 Smoker 21.4 15.1 22.0 12.5  
 Former smoker 28.1 37.2 32.6 37.7  
 Never smoker 50.5 47.7 45.4 49.9  
  1. Values are mean (SD), and proportions. Continuous variables were analysed using ANOVA and categorical variables were analysed using Chi-square test. aIn total, 125 women are missing information on marital status. bIn total, 1593 women are missing information on physical activity