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Table 5 Odds ratios and 95% confidence intervals of dyslipidemia risk according to the joint classifications of the dietary pattern score and dietary total antioxidant capacity

From: Dietary pattern, dietary total antioxidant capacity, and dyslipidemia in Korean adults

  Tertile of pattern score
  Rice & Kimchi Oil, sweets, fish & other vegetables
T1 T2 T3 T1 T2 T3
Hypercholesterolemia   Hypercholesterolemia  
Dietary TAC (mg VCE/d) T1 1.00 1.00 [0.83–1.20] 0.89 [0.75–1.05] 1.00 1.03 [0.89–1.19] 0.95 [0.80–1.11]
T2 1.08 [0.90–1.30] 1.02 [0.86–1.21] 0.89 [0.75–1.06] 1.04 [0.90–1.21] 0.96 [0.82–1.11] 1.08 [0.93–1.25]
T3 1.18 [1.00–1.40] 0.97 [0.82–1.15] 0.82 [0.68–0.99] 1.08 [0.94–1.25] 1.01 [0.87–1.18] 1.04 [0.89–1.22]
p for trend 0.511 0.492
  Hypertriglyceridemia   Hypertriglyceridemia  
T1 1.00 1.13 [0.93–1.36] 1.35 [1.13–1.60] 1.00 0.82 [0.71–0.96] 0.73 [0.62–0.86]
T2 0.93 [0.76–1.13] 0.92 [0.77–1.11] 1.24 [1.03–1.48] 0.89 [0.76–1.04] 0.80 [0.69–0.93] 0.62 [0.53–0.73]
T3 0.93 [0.78–1.12] 1.09 [0.91–1.30] 1.19 [0.98–1.45] 0.89 [0.77–1.03] 0.73 [0.63–0.85] 0.69 [0.58–0.81]
p for trend 0.020 0.042
  HypoHDL-cholesterolemia   HypoHDL-cholesterolemia  
T1 1.00 1.05 [0.93–1.19] 1.20 [1.07–1.34] 1.00 0.93 [0.83–1.03] 0.95 [0.85–1.06]
T2 1.01 [0.90–1.14] 1.00 [0.89–1.13] 1.19 [1.06–1.34] 0.99 [0.88–1.11] 0.92 [0.82–1.02] 0.94 [0.84–1.04]
T3 0.99 [0.88–1.11] 1.14 [1.02–1.28] 1.27 [1.11–1.45] 0.99 [0.89–1.11] 0.93 [0.83–1.04] 1.02 [0.91–1.14]
p for trend 0.708   0.714  
   Red meat & alcohol Grain, bean, nuts, vegetables & fruits
T1 T2 T3 T1 T2 T3
Hypercholesterolemia   Hypercholesterolemia  
Dietary TAC (mg VCE/d) T1 1.00 0.92 [0.79–1.06] 0.90 [0.76–1.06] 1.00 0.79 [0.68–0.91] 0.91 [0.76–1.08]
T2 0.95 [0.82–1.11] 0.95 [0.82–1.10] 1.02 [0.87–1.19] 0.93 [0.79–1.08] 0.92 [0.80–1.06] 0.96 [0.84–1.10]
T3 1.05 [0.91–1.22] 0.90 [0.78–1.05] 1.03 [0.87–1.21] 1.03 [0.85–1.24] 0.90 [0.77–1.04] 0.97 [0.86–1.10]
p for trend 0.439 0.345
  Hypertriglyceridemia   Hypertriglyceridemia  
T1 1.00 1.20 [1.03–1.40] 1.24 [1.06–1.46] 1.00 0.86 [0.74–1.00] 0.84 [0.69–1.01]
T2 0.97 [0.82–1.15] 0.99 [0.84–1.16] 1.04 [0.89–1.23] 0.83 [0.71–0.97] 0.82 [0.71–0.94] 0.82 [0.71–0.95]
T3 1.11 [0.95–1.30] 0.92 [0.78–1.08] 1.06 [0.89–1.26] 0.84 [0.70–1.01] 0.90 [0.77–1.04] 0.80 [0.70–0.91]
p for trend 0.007 0.104
  HypoHDL-cholesterolemia   HypoHDL-cholesterolemia  
T1 1.00 1.12 [1.01–1.25] 0.81 [0.72–0.91] 1.00 1.13 [1.02–1.25] 1.23 [1.08–1.40]
T2 0.97 [0.87–1.08] 1.01 [0.91–1.13] 0.90 [0.80–1.00] 0.96 [0.86–1.07] 1.07 [0.97–1.19] 1.12 [1.01–1.23]
T3 0.99 [0.89–1.10] 1.07 [0.96–1.19] 0.91 [0.81–1.02] 0.99 [0.87–1.13] 1.12 [1.01–1.25] 1.10 [1.01–1.21]
p for trend 0.773 0.076
  1. *Figures with bold fonts represent statistical significance. * Adjusted for sex, age, obesity level, household income, regular alcohol consumption, smoking status and physical activity
  2. * hypercholesterolemia meant blood total cholesterol is ≥240 mg/dL; hypertriglyceridemia meant blood triglyceride is ≥200 mg/dL; hypoHDL-cholesterolemia meant blood HDL cholesterol is ≤40 mg/dL in men and ≤ 50 mg/dL in women
  3. TAC total antioxidant capacity, VCE vitamin C equivalent, HDL high-density lipoprotein