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Table 4 Odds ratios and 95% confidence intervals of dyslipidemia risk according to the dietary pattern score

From: Dietary pattern, dietary total antioxidant capacity, and dyslipidemia in Korean adults

  Tertile of pattern score
  Rice & Kimchi Oil, sweets, fish & other vegetables
T1 T2 T3 p for trend T1 T2 T3 p for trend
Hypercholesterolemia 1118 (11.8)§ 1.00 1251 (13.2) 0.90 [0.82–0.99] 1334 (14.2) 0.79 [0.72–0.87] < 0.001 1410 (14.9) 1.00 1198 (12.6) 0.96 [0.88–1.05] 1095 (11.6) 0.99 [0.90–1.08] 0.820
Hypertriglyceridemia 884 (11.2) 1.00 1153 (14.5) 1.09 [0.99–1.21] 1476 (18.1) 1.33 [1.20–1.47] < 0.001 1356 (16.6) 1.00 1148 (14.4) 0.84 [0.77–0.92] 1009 (12.9) 0.73 [0.66–0.80] < 0.001
HypoHDL-cholesterolemia 2935 (30.5) 1.00 3137 (32.7) 1.07 [1.00–1.14] 3730 (38.9) 1.21 [1.13–1.30] < 0.001 3619 (37.6) 1.00 3130 (32.6) 0.93 [0.87–0.99] 3053 (31.8) 0.97 [0.91–1.04] 0.469
  Red meat & alcohol Grain, bean, nuts, vegetables & fruits
T1 T2 T3   T1 T2 T3  
Hypercholesterolemia 1380 (14.6) 1.00 1247 (13.2) 0.92 [0.84–1.00] 1076 (11.4) 0.98 [0.89–1.07] 0.744 1132 (12.1) 1.00 1159 (12.2) 0.88 [0.81–0.97] 1412 (14.8) 0.97 [0.89–1.07] 0.790
Hypertriglyceridemia 1134 (14.0) 1.00 1132 (13.9) 1.00 [0.91–1.10] 1247 (16.0) 1.09 [0.98–1.20] 0.081 1253 (16.1) 1.00 1156 (14.4) 0.93 [0.85–1.02] 1104 (13.4) 0.88 [0.80–0.97] 0.009
HypoHDL-cholesterolemia 3600 (37.5) 1.00 3588 (37.3) 1.08 [1.01–1.15] 2614 (27.3) 0.88 [0.83–0.95] < 0.001 2894 (30.4) 1.00 3319 (34.4) 1.12 [1.05–1.20] 3589 (37.2) 1.14 [1.07–1.22] < 0.001
  1. § The number of cases (percentage)
  2. *Figures with bold fonts represent statistical significance. * Adjusted for sex, age, obesity level, household income, regular alcohol consumption, smoking status, physical activity, and energy intake
  3. * hypercholesterolemia meant blood total cholesterol is ≥240 mg/dL; hypertriglyceridemia meant blood triglyceride is ≥200 mg/dL; hypoHDL-cholesterolemia meant blood HDL cholesterol is ≤40 mg/dL in men and ≤ 50 mg/dL in women
  4. HDL high-density lipoprotein