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Table 3 Linear associations of total dietary fiber with HbA1c at baseline, prospective (year 6) and change data in the CACTI cohort

From: Dietary fiber intake and glycemic control: coronary artery calcification in type 1 diabetes (CACTI) study

Dietary fiber (Baseline) HbA1c (Baseline) HbA1c (year 6) HbA1c change (year 6-Baseline)
T1D
(n = 568)
Non-diabetic control
(n = 689)
T1D (n = 452) Non-diabetic control (n = 538) T1D (n = 452) Non-diabetic control (n = 538)
beta±SE P-value beta±SE P-value beta±SE P-value beta±SE P-value beta±SE P-value beta±SE P-value
Model 1a − 0.32 ± 0.15 0.034 0.10 ± 0.04 0.009 0.017±0.138 0.90 0.033±0.057 0.56 0.017 ± 0.138 0.90 0.033 ± 0.057 0.56
Model 2b  0.14 ± 0.18 0.43 −0.06 ± 0.05 0.27 0.112±0.158 0.48 0.044±0.065 0.50 0.112±0.158 0.48 0.044±0.065 0.50
Model 3c − 0.08 ± 0.11 0.46 −0.05 ± 0.03 0.19 0.119±0.158 0.45 0.058±0.065 0.37 0.119±0.158 0.45 0.058±0.065 0.37
  1. T1D type 1 diabetes
  2. P < 0.05 are in bold font
  3. aModel adjusted for age, sex, diabetes duration and total calories for T1D; age, sex and total calories for non-diabetic control; year 6 and change model also adjusted for baseline HbA1c and duration of follow-up
  4. bModel 1+ dietary carbohydrates, fats and proteins
  5. cModel 1 + plasma total cholesterol and triglycerides