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Table 2 Pearson partial correlation coefficients of total dietary fiber with clinical parameters and dietary variables in the CACTI cohort

From: Dietary fiber intake and glycemic control: coronary artery calcification in type 1 diabetes (CACTI) study

Variable Total dietary fiber (all subjects)
(n = 1257)
Total dietary Fiber T1D cases
(n = 568)
Total dietary fiber non-diabetic controls
(n = 689)
R p-value R p-value R p-value
HbA1c −0.07 0.01 −0.08 0.03 − 0.10 0.009
Systolic blood pressure −0.11 0.0001 −0.08 0.05 −0.12 0.002
Diastolic blood pressure −0.13 < 0.0001 −0.09 0.03 −0.13 0.001
BMI −0.14 < 0.0001 −0.02 0.56 −0.16 < 0.0001
Waist circumference −0.12 < 0.0001 −0.01 0.73 −0.14 0.0003
Plasma cholesterol −0.09 0.0007 −0.12 0.005 −0.06 0.11
Plasma HDL- cholesterol 0.04 0.16 −0.02 0.56 0.11 0.004
Plasma triglyceride −0.07 0.009 −0.008 0.85 −0.10 0.007
Plasma glucose −0.03 0.33 −0.02 0.59 −0.08 0.022
Carbohydrate (% daily intake) 0.43 < 0.0001 0.45 < 0.0001 0.43 < 0.0001
Protein intake (% daily intake) −0.05 0.089 −0.08 0.05 −0.04 0.26
Fat intake (% daily intake) −0.41 < 0.0001 −0.40 < 0.0001 − 0.43 < 0.0001
  1. Based on log transformed values of dietary fiber
  2. Adjusted for age, sex, total calories and diabetes status, and duration (T1D)
  3. T1D type 1 diabetes
  4. P < 0.05 in bold