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Table 2 Macro and micronutrients intakes /1000 kcal, overall and by gender, 20–49 y. in Greater Tunis

From: Gender inequalities in diet quality and their socioeconomic patterning in a nutrition transition context in the Middle East and North Africa: a cross-sectional study in Tunisia

  All
(n = 2545)
Women
(n = 1651)
Men
(n = 894)
Women vs. Men
  Meana SEMb Meana SEMb Meana SEMb Diff.c 95% CId Pe
Energy
 Energy intake (kcal) 2578.6 15.1 2300.4 12.6 2858.8 32.28 − 558.4 − 607.2, − 509.5 <0.0001
 Energy intake (kJ) 10,789.0 63.2 9624.9 52.6 11,961.1 97.4 − 2336.2 − 2540.6, − 2131.7 <0.0001
 Energy intake as % of requirements 104.1% 0.5 105.5% 0.5 102.6% 0.7 +2.9% 1.3, 4.5 0.001
Macronutrients (/1000 kcal)
 Protein (g) 34.0 0.2 33.7 0.1 34.2 0.2 −0.4 − 0.9, 0.1 0.10
 Carbohydrate (g) 140.5 0.5 140.8 0.6 140.0 0.6 + 0.8 −0.5, 2.1 0.22
 Free sugar (g) 31.3 0.4 31.9 0.5 30.8 0.7 + 1.1 −0.4, 2.5 0.15
 Dietary fiber (g) 10.9 0.1 10.8 0.1 10.9 0.1 −0.1 −0.3, 0.1 0.36
 Total fat (g) 31.2 0.2 31.1 0.2 31.3 0.2 −0.2 −0.6, 0.3 0.56
 Saturated fat (g) 7.50 0.1 7.6 0.1 7.4 0.1 + 0.2 −0.1, 0.4 0.15
 Monounsaturated fat (g) 12.0 0.1 12.1 0.1 11.9 0.1 + 0.2 −0.1, 0.4 0.12
 Polyunsaturated fat (g) 8.9 0.1 8.7 0.1 9.0 0.1 −0.3 −0.5, − 0.1 0.0009
 Omega-3 fat (mg) 260.8 4.4 248.8 5.3 272.8 6.4 −24.0 −39.6, −8.4 0.0029
 Omega-6 fat (mg) 2653.6 34.2 2654.5 41.1 2652.7 49.6 + 1.8 − 118.3, 121.9 0.98
Micronutrients (/1000 kcal)
 Cholesterol (mg) 84.8 1.6 82.5 1.8 87.3 2.0 −4.8 −9.0, −0.6 0.026
 Calcium (mg) 276.1 2.6 288.0 2.9 264.2 3.5 + 23.8 16.6, 31.0 <0.0001
 Iodine (mg) 82.1 1.3 81.9 2.1 82.3 1.2 −0.4 −4.6, 3.9 0.86
 Iron (mg) 7.4 0.1 7.3 0.1 7.4 0.1 −0.2 −0.3, − 0.1 0.012
 Magnesium (mg) 116.4 0.7 116.5 0.8 116.3 1.0 + 0.2 −1.6, 2.0 0.79
 Sodium (mg) 1498.2 11.7 1496.5 17.8 1499.8 13.7 −3.3 −45.9, 39.4 0.88
 Phosphorus (mg) 470.7 3.2 479.1 2.0 462.3 5.6 + 16.8 6.9, 26.8 0.0012
 Potassium (mg) 1032.5 7.0 1044.7 7.5 1020.3 9.9 + 24.4 3.1, 45.8 0.025
 Vitamin C (mg) 141.9 2.0 129.2 2.0 154.8 3.5 −25.6 −33.4, −17.8 <0.0001
 Zinc (mg) 3.8 0.1 3.7 0.1 3.8 0.1 − 0.1 −0.1, 0.1 0.38
  1. aWeighted mean (accounting for unequal probabilities of selection and differential response rates)
  2. bSEM: standard error of the mean taking into account sampling design
  3. cWomen vs. Men difference of means (unadjusted)
  4. d95% confidence interval taking into account sampling design
  5. eP value for Women vs. Men difference