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Table 1 Distribution of sociodemographic factors, by gender, 20–49 y. in Greater Tunis

From: Gender inequalities in diet quality and their socioeconomic patterning in a nutrition transition context in the Middle East and North Africa: a cross-sectional study in Tunisia

  Women
(n = 1651)
Men
(n = 894)
%a %a
Area P b = 0.47
 Urban 92.1 92.5
 Rural 7.9 7.5
Governorates P b = 0.84
 Tunis 39.5 39.2
 Ariana 23.0 21.4
 Ben Arous 22.9 24.1
 Manouba 14.6 15.3
Age (years) P b = 0.54
 20–29 38.6 41.2
 30–39 33.0 32.3
 40–49 28.4 27.5
Marital status P b = 0.16
 Married 60.8 57.0
 Other 39.2 43.0
Household size P b = 0.31
 1–3 7.8 9.3
 4–5 51.1 51.9
 6 or more 41.1 38.8
Education P b < 0.0001
 No formal schooling 8.8 3.2
 Primary school 33.8 33.2
 Secondary 35.2 46.4
 University 22.2 17.2
Professional activity P b < 0.0001
 Upper/intermediate 9.9 28.0
 Employee/worker 22.5 54.4
 Not working/retired 53.3 6.7
 Student 14.3 10.9
Household welfare proxy P b = 0.79
 Lower tertile 33.2 31.9
 Intermediate tertile 34.3 35.8
 Upper tertile 32.5 32.3
  1. aWeighted mean (accounting for unequal probabilities of selection and differential response rates)
  2. bP value for women vs. men (chi-square test taking into account sampling design)