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Table 4 Comparison of the leptin/ghrelin ratio after the HC- and HF-meal intake, in the population of study Group II

From: The relationship between the leptin/ghrelin ratio and meals with various macronutrient contents in men with different nutritional status: a randomized crossover study

G2 Time (min) 0 30 60 120 180 240
High-carbohydrate (HC) meal vs high-fat (HF) meal N2-HC 7.02
±1.49
7.43
±1.41
8.70
±1.73
8.83
±2.10
8.18
±1.68
7.31
±1.25
N2-HF 7.01
±1.66
6.19
±1.45
6.97
±1.77
6.91
±1.54
7.55
±2.06
6.84
±1.51
†p= 0.99 0.22 0.10 0.06 0.63 0.67
O/O2-HC 38.21
±14.50
31.55
±12.12
30.58
±10.20
32.45
±10.82
37.57
±14.44
28.04
±10.01
O/O2-HF 27.50
±10.84
29.77
±10.11
29.76
±9.51
33.56
±11.89
25.63
±7.84
28.37
±8.38
‡p= 0.27 0.88 0.59 0.45 0.22 0.50
  1. The results are presented as mean values ± SE. † comparison between the high-carbohydrate (HC) and high-fat (HF) meals in the normal body weight (N2) group; ‡ comparison between the high-carbohydrate (HC) and high-fat (HF) meals in the overweight/obesity (O/O2) group