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Table 2 Factors associated with MAR

From: Association between eating behaviour and diet quality: eating alone vs. eating with others

Variables MAR
Male Female
β S.E p-value β S.E p-value
Eating Style
 Alone −0.110 0.035 0.002 − 0.069 0.024 0.005
 Some Together −0.001 0.018 0.936 −0.010 0.014 0.474
 Together Ref.    Ref.   
One person household
 Yes 0.042 0.037 0.262 −0.040 0.032 0.221
 No Ref.    Ref.   
Age Group
 19–29 0.305 0.045 <.001 −0.035 0.037 0.346
 30–39 0.259 0.036 <.001 −0.010 0.029 0.725
 40–49 0.137 0.033 <.001 −0.074 0.027 0.006
 50–59 0.052 0.030 0.086 0.001 0.024 0.981
 60 above Ref.    Ref.   
Residential Area
 Urban 0.001 0.023 0.975 − 0.013 0.019 0.469
 Rural Ref.    Ref.   
BMI
 Underweight − 0.030 0.025 0.610 −0.011 0.028 0.707
 Overweight 0.024 0.018 0.015 0.024 0.016 0.125
 Normal Ref.    Ref.   
Weight Changes
 Decreased −0.035 0.025 0.161 − 0.048 0.021 0.021
 Increased −0.035 0.022 0.274 0.030 0.015 0.047
 Same Ref.    Ref.   
Marital Status
 Married 0.043 0.032 0.178 0.021 0.027 0.435
 Once Married −0.063 0.051 0.219 −0.023 0.035 0.522
 Single Ref.    Ref.   
Education Level
 Primary −0.048 0.039 0.223 −0.162 0.028 <.001
 Secondary −0.018 0.036 0.614 −0.077 0.027 0.005
 Upper Secondary 0.032 0.021 0.124 −0.019 0.017 0.248
 Tertiary Ref.    Ref.   
Income Level
 Lowest −0.091 0.026 <.001 −0.113 0.020 <.001
 Lower-Middle −0.103 0.024 <.001 −0.097 0.019 <.001
 Upper-Middle −0.027 0.024 0.249 −0.038 0.018 0.040
 Highest Ref.    Ref.   
Occupation
 White Collar 0.049 0.029 0.095 −0.013 0.018 0.478
 Pink Collar 0.091 0.032 0.005 0.032 0.019 0.098
 Blue Collar 0.065 0.027 0.018 −0.013 0.021 0.528
 Others Ref.    Ref.   
Alcohol Consumption
 Yes −0.001 0.049 0.977 0.009 0.021 0.679
 No Ref.    Ref.   
Cigarettes
 Smoker 0.002 0.022 0.931 0.034 0.030 0.258
 Once Smoked 0.011 0.023 0.628 −0.019 0.029 0.501
 Non-Smoker Ref.    Ref.   
Stress Level
 High 0.023 0.028 0.423 −0.044 0.023 0.053
 Medium 0.003 0.025 0.901 −0.040 0.020 0.053
 Low Ref.    Ref.   
Nutritional Education
 No −0.021 0.046 0.643 −0.019 0.033 0.567
 Yes Ref.    Ref.   
Nutrition Supplement Intake (more than2 weeks/year)
 No −0.089 0.018 <.001 −0.072 0.013 <.001
 Yes Ref.    Ref.   
Nutritional Fact Usage
 No −0.087 0.022 <.001 −0.056 0.014 <.001
 Yes Ref.    Ref.   
  1. Adjusted for living arrangement, residential area, BMI, weight changes, marital status, educational level, income level, occupation, alcohol consumption, smoking, stress level, nutritional education, nutrient supplement intake, and nutrition facts usage