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Table 4 Odds ratios for high neutrophil-to-lymphocyte ratio by different dietary patterns, anthropometric measurements, and metabolic parameters

From: Association of dietary patterns, anthropometric measurements, and metabolic parameters with C-reactive protein and neutrophil-to-lymphocyte ratio in middle-aged and older adults with metabolic syndrome in Taiwan: a cross-sectional study

Variables Men (n = 5155) Women (n = 2702)
Model 11 Model 22 Model 11 Model 22
Western dietary pattern
 T1 1 1 1 1
 T2 0.955 (0.900–1.013) 0.963 (0.908–1.022) 0.941 (0.867–1.021) 0.945 (0.871–1.026)
 T3 1.189 (1.118–1.264) *** 1.199 (1.126–1.275) *** 1.100 (1.012–1.195) * 1.108 (1.019–1.204) *
Prudent dietary pattern
 T1 1 1 1 1
 T2 0.916 (0.864–0.972) ** 0.921 (0.868–0.977) ** 1.134 (1.046–1.228) 1.111 (1.023–1.205)
 T3 0.881 (0.830–0.935) *** 0.883 (0.832–0.938) *** 0.961 (0.873–1.056) * 0.963 (0.874–1.059) *
Body mass index
 Normal 1 1 1 1
 Overweight 1.154 (1.073–1.241) *** 1.141 (1.061–1.227) *** 1.081 (0.978–1.195) 1.096 (0.998–1.212)
 Obese 1.162 (1.049–1.288) ** 1.188 (1.070–1.319) ** 1.575 (1.375–1.804) *** 1.576 (1.375–1.806) ***
Body fat
 Low 1 1 1 1
 High 1.276 (1.186–1.374) *** 1.286 (1.192–1.386) *** 1.301 (1.143–1.480) *** 1.158 (1.015–1.323) *
Waist circumference
 Low 1 1 1 1
 High 1.711 (1.588–1.843) *** 1.690 (1.568–1.822) *** 1.468 (1.335–1.614) *** 1.475 (1.341–1.623) ***
Hip circumference
 Low 1 1 1 1
 High 1.185 (1.052–1.334) ** 1.201 (1.063–1.358) ** 1.259 (1.145–1.386) *** 1.275 (1.157–1.404) ***
Waist-to-hip ratio
 Low 1 1 1 1
 High 1.626 (1.506–1.754) *** 1.630 (1.509–1.761) *** 1.336 (1.211–1.474) *** 1.331 (1.204–1.472) ***
Systolic blood pressure
 Low 1 1 1 1
 High 1.122 (1.047–1.203) ** 1.124 (1.047–1.206) ** 1.037 (0.946–1.138) 1.038 (0.944–1.142)
Diastolic blood pressure
 Low 1 1 1 1
 High 1.182 (1.092–1.278) *** 1.176 (1.087–1.273) *** 0.946 (0.839–1.067) 0.928 (0.821–1.049)
High-density lipoprotein-cholesterol
 High 1 1 1 1
 Low 1.197 (1.114–1.286) *** 1.203 (1.119–1.294) *** 1.138 (1.031–1.257) * 1.162 (1.051–1.286) **
Low-density lipoprotein-cholesterol
 Low 1 1 1 1
 High 1.197 (1.112–1.289) *** 1.200 (1.114–1.293) *** 1.105 (1.002–1.219) * 1.113 (1.008–1.229) *
Total cholesterol
 Low 1 1 1 1
 High 1.138 (1.063–1.219) *** 1.138 (1.062–1.220) *** 1.070 (0.971–1.179) 1.069 (0.968–1.180)
Triglycerides
 Low 1 1 1 1
 High 1.262 (1.179–1.352) *** 1.251 (1.167–1.342) *** 1.157 (1.055–1.269) ** 1.140 (1.039–1.252) **
Fasting blood glucose
 Low 1 1 1 1
 High 1.294 (1.199–1.396) *** 1.300 (1.203–1.405) *** 1.199 (1.083–1.328) *** 1.180 (1.064–1.308) **
  1. 1Unadjusted. 2 Adjusted for age, marital status, education, occupation, smoking, drinking status and physical activity. *P < 0.05, **P < 0.01, ***P < 0.001. The variables were defined as the following: NLR: low < 3.0 and normal ≥3.0; normal BMI: 18.5 kg/m2 ≤ BMI < 24 kg/m2; overweight BMI: 24 kg/m2 ≤ BMI < 27 kg/m2; obesity BMI: ≥ 27 kg/m2, body fat: low < 25% and high ≥25% for men; low < 30% and high ≥30% for women, waist circumference: low < 95.8 cm and high ≥95.8 cm for men; low < 85.2 cm and high ≥85.2 cm for women, hip circumference: low < 100.5 cm and high ≥100.5 cm for men; low < 101.1 cm and high ≥101.1 cm for women, waist-to-hip ratio: low < 0.90 and high ≥0.90 for men; low < 0.85 and high ≥0.85 for women, systolic BP: low < 130 mmHg and high ≥130 mmHg, diastolic BP: low < 85 mmHg and high ≥85 mmHg, HDL-C: low < 1.03 mmol/L and high ≥1.03 mmol/L for men; low < 1.29 mmol/L and high ≥1.29 mmol/L for women, LDL-C: low < 4.1 mmol/L and high ≥4.1 mmol/L, TC: low < 6.2 mmol/L and high ≥6.2 mmol/L, TG: low < 1.70 mmol/L and high ≥1.70 mmol/L, FBG: low < 5.60 mmol/L and high ≥5.60 mmol/L