Skip to main content

Table 3 Odds ratios for high C-reactive protein by different dietary patterns, anthropometric measurements, and metabolic parameters

From: Association of dietary patterns, anthropometric measurements, and metabolic parameters with C-reactive protein and neutrophil-to-lymphocyte ratio in middle-aged and older adults with metabolic syndrome in Taiwan: a cross-sectional study

Variables Odds ratio (95% Confidence interval)
Men (n = 6021) Women (n = 4075)
Model 11 Model 22 Model 11 Model 22
Western dietary pattern
 T1 1 1 1 1
 T2 0.892 (0.843–0.944) *** 0.903 (0.853–0.956) *** 0.843 (0.778–0.913) *** 0.855 (0.788–0.927) ***
 T3 1.116 (1.053–1.184) *** 1.108 (1.044–1.176) ** 1.162 (1.070–1.263) *** 1.181 (1.086–1.284) ***
Prudent dietary pattern
 T1 1 1 1 1
 T2 0.810 (0.765–0.857) *** 0.815 (0.770–0.863) *** 0.886 (0.824–0.954) ** 0.891 (0.827–0.959) **
 T3 0.693 (0.654–0.735) *** 0.696 (0.656–0.738) *** 0.814 (0.756–0.877) *** 0.806 (0.748–0.869) ***
Body mass index
 Normal 1 1 1 1
 Overweight 1.230 (1.147–1.320) *** 1.225 (1.141–1.315) *** 1.149 (1.036–1.275) ** 1.182 (1.065–1.313) **
 Obese 1.315 (1.190–1.454) *** 1.328 (1.199–1.470) *** 1.961 (1.702–2.260) *** 1.971 (1.709–2.273) ***
Body fat
 Low 1 1 1 1
 High 1.734 (1.613–1.864) *** 1.749 (1.624–1.884) *** 1.454 (1.023–2.068) * 1.413 (0.981–2.028) *
Waist circumference
 Low 1 1 1 1
 High 1.963 (1.826–2.110) *** 1.916 (1.782–2.061) *** 1.986 (1.820–2.168) *** 2.003 (1.834–2.188) ***
Hip circumference
 Low 1 1 1 1
 High 1.422 (1.264–1.599) *** 1.406 (1.247–1.587) *** 1.637 (1.499–1.787) *** 1.651 (1.510–1.805) ***
Waist-to-hip ratio
 Low 1 1 1 1
 High 1.487 (1.384–1.598) *** 1.488 (1.383–1.601) *** 1.298 (1.184–1.423) *** 1.307 (1.190–1.436) ***
Systolic blood pressure
 Low 1 1 1 1
 High 1.258 (1.176–1.345) *** 1.280 (1.195–1.371) *** 1.294 (1.188–1.409) *** 1.306 (1.196–1.425) ***
Diastolic blood pressure
 Low 1 1 1 1
 High 1.303 (1.208–1.405) *** 1.303 (1.208–1.406) *** 1.306 (1.170–1.457) *** 1.313 (1.175–1.467) ***
High-density lipoprotein-cholesterol
 High 1 1 1 1
 Low 1.625 (1.517–1.740) *** 1.635 (1.525–1.753) *** 1.379 (1.257–1.512) *** 1.419 (1.292–1.558) ***
Low-density lipoprotein-cholesterol
 Low 1 1 1 1
 High 1.278 (1.191–1.373) *** 1.276 (1.188–1.371) *** 1.239 (1.132–1.356) *** 1.250 (1.141–1.369) ***
Total cholesterol
 Low 1 1 1 1
 High 1.157 (1.083–1.237) *** 1.148 (1.074–1.227) *** 1.228 (1.123–1.342) *** 1.225 (1.118–1.342) ***
Triglycerides
 Low 1 1 1 1
 High 1.493 (1.397–1.595) *** 1.475 (1.379–1.578) *** 1.717 (1.576–1.871) *** 1.694 (1.553–1.847) ***
Fasting blood glucose
 Low 1 1 1 1
 High 1.366 (1.270–1.470) *** 1.398 (1.297–1.506) *** 1.257 (1.146–1.380) *** 1.245 (1.133–1.368) ***
  1. 1Unadjusted. 2Adjusted for age, marital status, education, occupation, smoking, drinking status, and physical activity. *P < 0.05, **P < 0.01, ***P < 0.001. The variables were defined as the following: CRP: low < 28.6 nmol/L and high ≥28.6 nmol/L, normal BMI: 18.5 kg/m2 ≤ BMI < 24 kg/m2; overweight BMI: 24 kg/m2 ≤ BMI < 27 kg/m2; obesity BMI: ≥ 27 kg/m2, body fat: low < 25% and high ≥25% for men; low < 30% and high ≥30% for women, waist circumference: low < 95.8 cm and high ≥95.8 cm for men; low < 85.2 cm and high ≥85.2 cm for women, hip circumference: low < 100.5 cm and high ≥100.5 cm for men; low < 101.1 cm and high ≥101.1 cm for women, waist-to-hip ratio: low < 0.90 and high ≥0.90 for men; low < 0.85 and high ≥0.85 for women, systolic BP: low < 130 mmHg and high ≥130 mmHg, diastolic BP: low < 85 mmHg and high ≥85 mmHg, HDL-C: low < 1.03 mmol/L and high ≥1.03 mmol/L for men; low < 1.29 mmol/L and high ≥1.29 mmol/L for women, LDL-C: low < 4.1 mmol/L and high ≥4.1 mmol/L, TC: low < 6.2 mmol/L and high ≥6.2 mmol/L, TG: low < 1.70 mmol/L and high ≥1.70 mmol/L, FBG: low < 5.60 mmol/L and high ≥5.60 mmol/L