Skip to main content

Table 2 BHCK low-income urban African-American youth’s socio-demographic characteristics at baseline

From: A multilevel, multicomponent childhood obesity prevention group-randomized controlled trial improves healthier food purchasing and reduces sweet-snack consumption among low-income African-American youth

Baseline Characteristics n (509) Intervention Comparison p-value
(n = 273) (n = 236)
Youth
 Gender
  Male (%) 227 45.9 42.8 0.45
  Female (%) 282 54.1 57.2
 Age (years) - Mean (SD)   11.7 (1.3) 11.9 (1.6) 0.11
  9–12 (%) 339 70.7 61.8 0.03a
  13-15 (%) 170 29.3 38.1
Race – African-American (%) 493 95.9 97.5 0.94
BMI (age- and sex-specific category)
  Normal weight (%) 260 48.9 55.3 0.20
  Overweight (%) 117 23.9 22.1
  Obese (%) 127 27.2 22.6
Total caloric intake (kcal) - Mean (SD) 509 1692.5 (915.4) 1777.2 (1107.9) 0.34
Caregiver
 Gender – Female (%) 508 92.3 90.7 0.5
 Age (years) – Mean (SD) 506 38.5 (8.9) 40.3 (9.7) 0.02a
Education Level
   < High School (%) 89 19.5 15.3 0.5
  High School (%) 204 39.3 41.3
   > High School (%) 214 41.2 43.4
Household
 Individuals in the household - Mean (SD) 508 4.5 (1.6) 4.6 (1.6) 0.50
 Annual Income (US$)
  0–10,000 (%) 120 25.7 21.2 0.16
  10,001–20,000 (%) 116 19.1 27.1  
   20,001–30,000 (%) 92 19.1 16.9  
   > 30,000 (%) 180 36.0 34.7  
 Food Assistance Participation
  SNAP (%) 372 75.4 70.7 0.30
  WIC (%) 114 22.4 22.4 0.99
 Housing Arrangement
  Living w/ family or other (%) 54 8.8 12.7 0.10
  Rented (%) 344 68.7 66.5  
  Owned (%) 110 22.4 20.7  
  1. Abbreviation: BMI Body Mass Index, SD standard deviation, SNAP Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program, WIC The Special Supplemental Nutrition Program for Women, Infants, and Children
  2. aIntervention groups are statistically different when comparing the proportion of youth and caregiver characteristics using the chi-square test or two-tailed t-test