Skip to main content

Table 4 Odds ratios of different dietary pattern groups, coronary heart disease and pessimism (rows) on the risk of failure in change to more healthy dietary habits (columns) analysed by logistic regression modelsa

From: Pessimism, diet, and the ability to improve dietary habits: a three-year follow-up study among middle-aged and older Finnish men and women

  Dietary change
No change and fail in reducing fat No change and fail in changing to low-fat products No change and fail in increasing vegetables No change and fail in reducing sugar No change and fail in increasing berries and fruits
OR 95% CI OR 95% CI OR 95% CI OR 95% CI OR 95% CI
Healthy dietary pattern 0.87 0.76–1.00 0.88 0.76–1.01 0.79 0.70–0.89 0.92 0.82–1.04 0.75 0.65–0.86
Sweet unhealthy dietary pattern 1.13 0.99–1.29 1.07 0.94–1.23 1.26 1.13–1.40 1.30 1.16–1.45 1.23 1.08–1.40
Fatty unhealthy dietary pattern 1.10 0.96–1.26 1.14 1.00–1.31 1.17 1.05–1.32 1.03 0.92–1.16 1.13 0.98–1.30
Traditional dietary pattern 1.12 0.98–1.27 1.02 0.90–1.17 0.97 0.87–1.08 1.01 0.90–1.14 0.89 0.78–1.02
Coronary heart disease 1.07 0.66–1.73 0.91 0.54–1.54 1.20 0.81–1.80 1.52 1.00–2.31 1.41 0.87–2.28
Pessimism 1.07 1.02–1.12 1.07 1.02–1.13 1.03 0.99–1.07 1.02 0.98–1.07 1.05 1.00–1.11
  1. OR Odds ratio, CI Confidence interval
  2. aModels are fully adjusted for age, sex, smoking and alcohol consumption habits, physical exercise, the levels of glucose, cholesterol and body mass index
  3. p1-scores indicating statistical significance are bolded