Skip to main content

Table 3 Energy and nutrient intake by diet group and their relationship to REAP-S and HEI-2010a

From: Rapid Eating Assessment for Participants [shortened version] scores are associated with Healthy Eating Index-2010 scores and other indices of diet quality in healthy adult omnivores and vegetarians

Measure All
(81)
Omnivores
(27)
Vegetarian
(26)
Vegan
(28)
P Coefficient, r
REAP-S HEI-2010
Energy, kcal 2073 ± 647 2108 ± 727 2042 ± 558 2069 ± 665 0.991 −0.153 −0.434*
Protein, g 77.9 ± 37.1 96.8 ± 47.5a 68.4 ± 23.9b 68.6 ± 29.0b 0.015 −0.195 0.087
Carbohydrate, g 287.7 ± 109.3 239.1 ± 97.5a 286.6 ± 87.1ab 335.6 ± 120.2b 0.007 0.139 −0.081
Sugar, g 92.6 ± 48.1 81.7 ± 42.9 90.0 ± 37.9 105.4 ± 58.7 0.221 −0.101 0.045
Fat, g 71.0 ± 36.5 86.3 ± 42.8a 70.8 ± 29.2ab 56.4 ± 30.6b 0.016 −0.411* 0.001
Saturated fat, g 19.8 ± 14.8 30.0 ± 16.7a 18.4 ± 10.1b 11.2 ± 10.3c < 0.001 −0.567* − 0.211
Fiber, g 36.4 ± 19.8 24.8 ± 11.8a 34.6 ± 14.6b 49.4 ± 22.7c < 0.001 0.437* 0.441*
Cholesterol, mg 138.4 ± 215.3 330.8 ± 263.6a 87.7 ± 109.2b 0 ± 0c < 0.001 − 0.631* − 0.190
Vitamin C, mg 172.6 ± 151.8 149.2 ± 134.0a 140.4 ± 128.2a 225.2 ± 177.0b 0.049 0.237* 0.275*
Folate, DFE 412.2 ± 390.9 290.2 ± 281.0a 415.8 ± 420.7ab 522.1 ± 428.0b 0.052 0.381* 0.129
Vitamin B12, μg 3.5 ± 5.8 4.9 ± 8.0a 2.3 ± 3.4b 3.3 ± 5.1b 0.051 −0.119 −0.125
Vitamin A, RAE 752.4 ± 875.6 518.9 ± 486.6 709.0 ± 788.1 1017.8 ± 1157.1 0.337 0.379* 0.422*
Vitamin E, mg 11.6 ± 14.5 8.3 ± 11.9a 8.8 ± 7.8a 17.3 ± 19.4b 0.008 0.241* 0.058
Vitamin D, μg 1.7 ± 2.6 2.2 ± 2.9 1.3 ± 2.5 1.7 ± 2.3 0.089 0.023 0.115
Iron, mg 19.1 ± 11.4 15.0 ± 7.8a 18.5 ± 9.5ab 23.6 ± 14.2b 0.023 0.241* 0.170
Zinc, mg 7.6 ± 6.4 8.7 ± 8.2 5.6 ± 3.8 8.5 ± 6.1 0.217 0.163 0.181
Calcium, mg 824.8 ± 449.7 938.6 ± 516.0 746.3 ± 421.7 787.9 ± 397.3 0.204 0.030 0.029
Sodium, mg 3040.9 ± 1589.8 3742.7 ± 1877.3 2870.7 ± 1389.3 2522.2 ± 1228.1 0.058 −0.063 −0.158
Potassium, mg 2361.9 ± 1517.2 2047.6 ± 1152.7 2135.0 ± 1219.7 2875.5 ± 1934.4 0.238 0.292* 0.395*
  1. aDifferences between means assessed by Kruskal Wallis Test; means with different superscripts differ significantly (Mann-Whitney U test; p < 0.05). r is for Spearman correlation. Significant correlations are asterisked (p < 0.05). HEI-2010 analyses were adjusted for energy intake, body weight, and gender