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Table 4 Crude and adjusted linear regressions between dietary pattern and blood lipids among boys at age 18. The 1993 Pelotas (Brazil) Birth Cohort Study (n = 1806)

From: Dietary patterns are associated with blood lipids at 18-year-olds: a cross-sectional analysis nested in the 1993 Pelotas (Brazil) birth cohort

Dietary patterns Total Cholesterol (mg/dL) LDL Cholesterol (mg/dL) HDL Cholesterol (mg/dL) Triglycerides (mg/dL)b
Crude
β (95% CI)
Adjusteda
β (95% CI)
Crude
β (95% CI)
Adjusteda
β (95% CI)
Crude
β (95% CI)
Adjusteda
β (95% CI)
Crude
βc (95% CI)
Adjusteda
βc (95% CI)
Meat Products and Fast Foods
 1st tertile ref. ref. ref. ref. ref. ref. ref. ref.
 2nd tertile − 1.07(− 3.84;1.70) − 1.10(− 3.86;1.66) −0.71(− 3.01;1.57) −0.91(− 3.18;1.37) 0.05(− 0.94;1.05) 0.13(− 0.88;1.15) 0.97(0.93;1.02) 0.98(0.93;1.02)
 3rd tertile −3.26(− 6.04;-0.49) − 0.68(− 4.05;2.69) − 2.45(− 4.74;-0.16) −0.54(− 3.31;2.22) −0.14(− 1.14;0.85) 0.21(− 1.02;1.46) 0.95(0.91;1.00) 0.98(0.93;1.04)
Fruits and Vegetables
 1st tertile ref. ref. ref. ref. ref. ref. ref. ref.
 2nd tertile 0.39(− 2.39;3.16) 0.22(− 2.55;3.01) 0.60(− 1.69;2.89) 0.53(− 1.75;2.82) 0.47(− 0.52;1.46) 0.40(− 0.62;1.43) 0.96(0.91;1.00) 0.96(0.92;1.01)
 3rd tertile − 1.99(− 4.76;0.79) −1.04(− 4.38;2.30) − 1.32(− 3.62;0.97) − 0.90(− 3.64;1.85) − 0.50(− 1.50;0.49) −0.33(− 1.56;0.90) 0.98(0.94;1.03) 1.01(0.95;1.05)
Candies, Sodas and Dairy Products
 1st tertile ref. ref. ref. ref. ref. ref. ref. ref.
 2nd tertile 0.96(− 2.35;4.27) 0.65(− 2.12;3.43) 0.71(−1.57;3.01) 0.70(− 1.58;2.98) 0.16(− 0.83;1.15) − 0.00(− 1.03;1.02) 1.00(0.95;1.04) 1.00(0.96;1.04)
 3rd tertile −0.74(− 4.07;2.58) 3.16(− 0.06;6.39) − 0.18(− 2.48;2.10) 1.90(− 0.75;4.56) 0.81(− 0.18;1.80) 0.71(− 0.48;1.90) 1.01(0.97;1.06) 1.04(0.99;1.10)
Common Brazilian Foods
 1st tertile ref. ref. ref. ref. ref. ref. ref. ref.
 2nd tertile −3.01(− 5.76;-0.26) −1.48(−4.28;1.32) − 2.38(− 4.66;-0.11) −1.41(− 3.71;0.89) 0.22(− 0.77;1.22) 0.25(− 0.78;1.29) 0.96(0.91;1.00) 0.99(0.94;1.03)
 3rd tertile −7.99(− 10.74;-5.24) − 4.64(− 7.91;-1.37) −6.21(− 8.49;-3.93) −3.82(− 6.51;-1.13) − 0.76(− 1.75;0.23) −0.91(− 2.12;0.30) 0.94(0.89;0.98) 1.02(0.96;1.07)
  1. aAdjusted for hours of fasting, skin colour, maternal education at birth, family income at birth, smoking habits at age 18, minutes of leisure-time physical activity per week at age 18, body mass index at age 18, and total energy intake at age 18.
  2. bLogarithm transformation was used; cβ’s should be interpreted as the % change (increase or decrease) in triglyceride level associated in relation to the reference group
  3. Bold values mean significant at P < 0.05.