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Table 3 Crude and adjusted linear regressions between dietary patterns and blood lipids among girls at age 18. The 1993 Pelotas (Brazil) Birth Cohort Study (n = 1718)

From: Dietary patterns are associated with blood lipids at 18-year-olds: a cross-sectional analysis nested in the 1993 Pelotas (Brazil) birth cohort

Dietary patterns Total Cholesterol (mg/dL) LDL Cholesterol (mg/dL) HDL Cholesterol (mg/dL) Triglycerides (mg/dL)b
Crude
β (95% CI)
Adjusteda
β (95% CI)
Crude
β (95% CI)
Adjusteda
β (95% CI)
Crude
β (95% CI)
Adjusteda
β (95% CI)
Crude
βc (95% CI)
Adjusteda
βc (95% CI)
Meat Products and Fast Foods
 1st tertile ref. ref. ref. ref. ref. ref. ref. ref.
 2nd tertile −0.84(− 4.25;2.56) −1.04(− 4.47;2.38) −0.25(− 3.04;2.53) −0.47(− 3.29;2.34) −0.65(− 1.91;0.61) −0.75(− 1.99;0.49) 0.99(0.95;1.04) 0.99(0.96;1.04)
 3rd tertile −6.04(− 9.46;-2.61) −4.74(− 7.90;0.41) − 2.69(− 5.49;0.11) − 1.70(− 5.11;1.71) −2.54(− 3.81;-1.27) −1.55(− 3.05;-0.04) 0.95(0.91;0.99) 0.97(0.91;1.02)
Fruits and Vegetables
 1st tertile ref. ref. ref. ref. ref. ref. ref. ref.
 2nd tertile 0.71(− 2.70;4.12) 0.85(− 2.61;4.31) 0.31(− 2.47;3.11) 0.09(− 2.75;2.92) 0.05(− 1.21;1.31) 0.40(− 0.85;1.65) 1.02(0.98;1.07) 1.02(0.98;1.07)
 3rd tertile −2.15(− 5.58;1.27) − 0.29(− 4.21;3.64) − 0.30(− 3.10;2.49) 0.19(− 3.03;341) − 1.48(− 2.76;-0.22) −0.24(− 1.66;1.18) 0.98(0.93;1.02) 0.98(0.93;1.03)
Candies, Sodas and Dairy Products
 1st tertile ref. ref. ref. ref. ref. ref. ref. ref.
 2nd tertile 0.31(−3.10;3.73) 0.89(−2.55;4.35) −0.98(− 3.77;1.80) −0.53(− 3.36;2.31) 0.90(− 0.37;2.17) 0.92(− 0.32;2.18) 1.04(0.99;1.09) 1.05(1.01;1.09)
 3rd tertile − 0.64(− 4.06;2.78) 0.69(− 2.77;4.15) −0.65(− 3.44;2.14) 2.59(− 0.99;6.17) −0.01(− 1.28;1.26) 1.48(− 0.10;3.05) 1.03(0.99;1.08) 1.10(1.05;1.16)
Common Brazilian Foods
 1st tertile ref. ref. ref. ref. ref. ref. ref. ref.
 2nd tertile −5.74(−9.14;-2.34) −4.30(−7.75;-0.85) − 4.08(−6.86;-1.30) − 3.49(− 6.32;-0.66) −0.75(− 2.01;0.51) 0.29(− 0.98;1.56) 0.92(0.88;0.97) 0.94(0.90;0.99)
 3rd tertile −8.98(− 12.4;-5.58) − 4.95(− 8.53;-1.36) −5.21(− 7.99;-2.42) −3.02(− 5.96;-0.08) − 2.42(− 3.69;-1.15) −0.02(− 1.49;1.44) 0.89(0.85;0.93) 0.93(0.89;0.98)
  1. aAdjusted for hours of fasting, skin colour, maternal education at birth, family income at birth, smoking habit at age 18, age of menarche, body mass index at age 18 and total energy intake at age 18.
  2. bLogarithm transformation was used; cβ’s should be interpreted as the % change (increase or decrease) in triglyceride level associated in relation to the reference group
  3. Bold values mean significant at p < 0.05.