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Table 7 Percent of children below the Estimated Average Requirement (EAR) or above the Adequate Intake (AI) by age, NHANES 2011–2014

From: Ethnic disparities of beverage consumption in infants and children 0–5 years of age; National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey 2011 to 2014

  12–23 months
(n = 397)
2–3 years
(n = 839)
4–5 years
(n = 675)
% > AI % < EAR   SEM % > AI % < EAR   SEM % > AI % < EAR   SEM
Calcium (mg)   2.22a ± 0.75   2.90a ± 0.76   32.74b ± 3.13
Iron (mg)   1.67a ± 0.58   0.75a ± 0.19   2.37ab ± 0.45
Magnesium (mg)   0.02a ± 0.03   0.004a ± 0.01   1.15b ± 0.36
Phosphorus (mg)   0.03 ± 0.05   0.01 ± 0.01   0.02 ± 0.02
Vitamin A, (mcg)   0.69a ± 0.34   0.63a ± 0.28   3.88b ± 1.06
Vitamin C (mg)   0.39 ± 0.21   0.16 ± 0.09   1.96 ± 0.73
Vitamin D (mcg)   76.53a ± 3.51   90.01b ± 1.96   93.78b ± 1.67
Zinc (mg)   0.02 ± 0.02   0.00 ± 0.02   0.45 ± 0.32
Potassium (mg) 1.67   ± 0.70 2.82   ± 0.68 0.18   ± 0.12
  1. Data from usual intake using the National Cancer Institute method with two days of dietary recalls. Nutrients from breast milk are not be included in these analyses
  2. EAR, Estimated Average Requirement; AI, Adequate Intake; SEM, Standard Error of the Mean. a,b Means sharing the same superscripts for EAR percentages after 1 year are not significantly different across ages, p < 0.01