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Table 7 Pairwise comparisons of changes in body weight among participating pupils in JHS (Repeated measures ANOVA)

From: Ramadan fasting alters food patterns, dietary diversity and body weight among Ghanaian adolescents

(I) Weight changes (mean ± SD) (J) Weight changes (mean ± SD) Mean Difference (I-J) Std. Error Sig.b 95% Confidence Interval for Differenceb
Lower Bound Upper Bound
Baseline weight (51.1 ± 8.9) Midline weight (50.0 ± 8.9) 1.085a 0.054 < 0.001 0.942 1.229
Endline weight (49.6 ± 8.8) 1.452a 0.057 < 0.001 1.301 1.602
Post Ramadan weight (51.0 ± 8.8) 0.140 0.068 0.233 −0.039 0.319
Midline weight (50.00 ± 8.87) Endline weight (49.6 ± 8.8) 0.366a 0.045 < 0.001 0.248 0.485
Post Ramadan weight (51.0 ± 8.8) −0.945a 0.063 < 0.001 −1.113 −0.778
Endline weight (49.63 ± 8.81) Post Ramadan weight (51.0 ± 8.8) −1.312a 0.056 < 0.001 − 1.460 − 1.163
  1. Based on estimated marginal means, a. The mean difference is significant at the .05 level, bAdjustment for multiple comparisons: Bonferroni