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Table 6 Pairwise comparisons of changes in dietary diversity among participating pupils in JHS (Repeated measures ANOVA)

From: Ramadan fasting alters food patterns, dietary diversity and body weight among Ghanaian adolescents

(I) Dietary diversity (mean ± SD) (J) dietary diversity (mean ± SD) Mean Difference (I-J) Std. Error Sig.b 95% Confidence Interval for Differenceb
Lower Bound Upper Bound
Baseline diversity (6.5 ± 1.6) Midline diversity (6.6 ± 1.8) −0.175 0.113 0.734 −0.474 0.125
Endline diversity (6.7 ± 1.7) −0.210 0.116 0.418 −0.517 0.096
Post Ramadan diversity (6.2 ± 1.4) 0.235 0.102 0.127 −0.034 0.504
Midline diversity (6.6 ± 1.8) Endline diversity (6.7 ± 1.7) − 0.036 0.108 1.000 − 0.322 0.251
Post Ramadan diversity (6.2 ± 1.4) 0.410a 0.105 0.001 0.132 0.688
Endline diversity (6.7 ± 1.7) Post Ramadan diversity (6.2 ± 1.4) 0.445a 0.102 < 0.001 0.174 0.717
  1. Based on estimated marginal means, a. The mean difference is significant at the .05 level, bAdjustment for multiple comparisons: Bonferroni