Skip to main content

Table 4 Median intake of energy, protein, iron, zinc and folic acid; from diet+supplement at baseline, and changes from baseline, to follow-up stages by supplementation group

From: Fortified food supplementation in children with reduced dietary energy and micronutrients intake in Southern Mexico

Stage study FF Syrup MNP Syrup vs FF MNP vs FF MNP vs Syrup
Diet + supplement
Energy (kcal)
 Baseline 372.7 (257.2, 488.3) 463.1 (364.1, 562.1) 438.9 (333.6, 544.2) 90.4 (− 61.8, 242.5) 66.1 (− 90.2, 222.5) − 24.2 (− 168.7, 120.3)
 4 m - Baseline 426.6 (325.0, 528.1) 446.1 (353.9, 538.4) 352.2 (253.4, 451.1) 19.6 (− 117.6, 156.8) − 74.3 (− 216.0, 67.4) −93.9 (− 229.1, 41.3)
 10 m - Baseline 956.9 (848.6, 1065.1) 955.4 (803.4, 1107.4) 831.9 (701.4, 962.4) −1.4 (− 188.0, 185.2) −125.0 (− 294.5, 44.6) −123.6 (− 323.9, 76.8)
Protein (g)
 Baseline 10.1 (7.0, 13.2) 11.8 (8.6, 14.9) 12.8 (9.7, 15.9) 1.7 (−2.7, 6.1) 2.7 (−1.6, 7.0) 1.0 (− 3.4, 5.4)
 4 m - Baseline 14.8 (11.5, 18.2) 16.3 (14.1, 18.6) 13.9 (11.2, 16.6) 1.5 (−2.5, 5.5) − 0.9 (− 5.2, 3.4) −2.4 (− 5.9, 1.1)
 10 m - Baseline 33.5 (29.8, 37.2) 32.5 (26.9, 38.1) 28.9 (24.9, 32.8) − 1.0 (− 7.7, 5.7) −4.6 (− 10.1, 0.8) −3.6 (− 10.4, 3.2)
Iron (mg)
 Baseline 1.9 (1.1, 2.6) 2.0 (1.5, 2.6) 2.2 (1.6, 2.9) 0.2 (− 0.8, 1.1) 0.4 (− 0.6, 1.4) 0.2 (− 0.6, 1.1)
 4 m - Baseline 10.4 (9.7, 11.1) 10.7 (9.4, 12.0) 11.1 (10.3, 11.9) 0.3 (− 1.2, 1.7) 0.7 (−0.4, 1.7) 0.4 (− 1.1, 1.9)
 10 m - Baseline 12.6 (12.0, 13.1) 13.7 (12.4, 15.0) 13.2 (12.2, 14.3) 1.2 (−0.3, 2.6) 0.7 (−0.5, 1.9) − 0.5 (− 2.2, 1.2)
Zinc (mg)
 Baseline 2.2 (1.5, 2.9) 2.5 (1.8, 3.3) 2.4 (1.8, 3.0) 0.3 (−0.7, 1.3) 0.2 (−0.8, 1.1) − 0.1 (−1.1, 0.8)
 4 m - Baseline 10.0 (9.3, 10.7) 10.1 (8.9, 11.4) 12.0 (11.4, 12.6) 0.1 (−1.3, 1.6) 2.0 (1.0, 2.9) 1.8 (0.4, 3.3)
 10 m - Baseline 12.6 (11.8, 13.3) 13.6 (12.7, 14.5) 13.5 (12.5, 14.6) 1.0 (− 0.2, 2.2) 1.0 (− 0.3, 2.3) − 0.0 (− 1.4, 1.4)
Folic acid (μg)
 Baseline 26.0 (13.6, 38.5) 27.7 (16.9, 38.6) 30.4 (22.9, 37.9) 1.7 (−14.8, 18.2) 4.4 (− 10.1, 19.0) 2.7 (− 10.5, 15.9)
 4 m - Baseline 62.8 (53.4, 72.1) 79.0 (62.0, 96.1) 65.6 (55.0, 76.2) 16.3 (−3.2, 35.7) 2.8 (− 11.2, 16.9) − 13.4 (− 33.5, 6.6)
 10 m - Baseline 98.8 (83.4, 114.3) 120.1 (92.0, 148.2) 95.2 (82.6, 107.8) 21.3 (− 10.8, 53.3) −3.6 (− 23.6, 16.3) − 24.9 (− 55.7, 5.9)
  1. Fortified food (FF), Micronutrient powder (MNP), and Syrup (Syrup)
  2. Obtained from a quantile regression with standard errors adjusted for data dependencies within communities, 95% confidence intervals are presented in parentheses
  3. In boldface are the significant differences in differences