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Table 3 Median intake of energy, protein, iron, zinc and folic acid, from diet at baseline, and changes from baseline to follow-up stages by supplementation group

From: Fortified food supplementation in children with reduced dietary energy and micronutrients intake in Southern Mexico

Stage study FF Syrup MNP Syrup vs FF MNP vs FF MNP vs Syrup
Diet
Energy (kcal)
 Baseline 372.7 (258.8, 486.7) 463.1 (363.4, 562.8) 438.9 (333.1, 544.6) 90.4 (−61.0, 241.8) 66.1 (−89.3, 221.6) − 24.2 (− 169.5, 121.1)
 4 m - Baseline 262.4 (179.2, 345.7) 446.1 (354.5, 537.8) 352.2 (253.7, 450.7) 183.7 (59.9, 307.5) 89.8 (− 39.2, 218.8) − 93.9 (− 228.5, 40.6)
 10 m - Baseline 784.5 (683.1, 885.9) 955.4 (800.7, 1110.2) 831.9 (703.1, 960.6) 171.0 (− 14.1, 356.0) 47.4 (− 116.5, 211.3) − 123.6 (− 324.9, 77.7)
Protein (g)
 Baseline 10.1 (7.0, 13.2) 11.8 (8.7, 14.9) 12.8 (9.8, 15.8) 1.7 (−2.7, 6.1) 2.7 (−1.7, 7.1) 1.0 (− 3.4, 5.4)
 4 m - Baseline 9.7 (6.4, 13.1) 16.3 (14.1, 18.6) 13.9 (11.3, 16.6) 6.6 (2.6, 10.6) 4.2 (− 0.1, 8.5) −2.4 (− 5.9, 1.1)
 10 m - Baseline 28.8 (25.5, 32.1) 32.5 (26.8, 38.2) 28.9 (24.9, 32.9) 3.7 (−2.9, 10.3) 0.1 (−5.1, 5.3) −3.6 (− 10.6, 3.4)
Iron (mg)
 Baseline 1.9 (1.0, 2.7) 2.0 (1.5, 2.5) 2.2 (1.6, 2.9) 0.2 (−0.8, 1.1) 0.4 (− 0.7, 1.5) 0.2 (− 0.6, 1.1)
 4 m - Baseline 1.1 (0.6, 1.6) 1.9 (1.3, 2.6) 1.3 (0.6, 2.1) 0.8 (−0.0, 1.6) 0.2 (−0.7, 1.1) − 0.6 (− 1.6, 0.4)
 10 m - Baseline 4.0 (3.5, 4.6) 4.6 (3.5, 5.8) 4.0 (2.8, 5.2) 0.6 (−0.7, 1.9) 0.0 (− 1.3, 1.3) −0.6 (−2.3, 1.0)
Zinc (mg)
 Baseline 2.2 (1.5, 2.9) 2.5 (1.8, 3.2) 2.4 (1.8, 3.0) 0.3 (−0.7, 1.3) 0.2 (−0.8, 1.1) − 0.1 (−1.1, 0.8)
 4 m - Baseline 1.1 (0.6, 1.7) 2.2 (1.7, 2.8) 2.1 (1.5, 2.7) 1.1 (0.4, 1.9) 1.0 (0.2, 1.8) −0.1 (− 0.9, 0.7)
 10 m - Baseline 3.8 (3.1, 4.6) 4.3 (3.0, 5.5) 4.2 (3.2, 5.1) 0.4 (−1.0, 1.9) 0.3 (−0.8, 1.5) −0.1 (− 1.6, 1.5)
Folic acid (μg)
 Baseline 26.0 (13.4, 38.7) 27.7 (17.4, 38.1) 30.4 (22.8, 38.0) 1.7 (−14.6, 18.0) 4.4 (− 10.4, 19.2) 2.7 (− 10.1, 15.5)
 4 m - Baseline 25.3 (13.1, 37.4) 36.1 (17.6, 54.7) 17.7 (7.6, 27.8) 10.9 (− 11.3, 33.1) − 7.6 (− 23.4, 8.2) − 18.5 (− 39.6, 2.7)
 10 m - Baseline 55.4 (38.6, 72.1) 71.3 (50.1, 92.4) 50.1 (37.3, 63.0) 15.9 (− 11.1, 42.8) −5.2 (−26.4, 15.9) − 21.1 (−45.9, 3.6)
  1. Fortified food (FF), Micronutrient powder (MNP), and Syrup (Syrup)
  2. Obtained from a quantile regression with standard errors adjusted for data dependencies within communities; 95% confidence intervals are presented in parentheses
  3. In boldface are the significant differences in differences