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Table 5 Odds ratios (95% confidence interval) of obesitya according to each standard deviation increase in diet quality index scores from logistic regression analysis

From: Diet quality is inversely associated with obesity in Chinese adults with type 2 diabetes

  Model 1b Model 2c Model 3d Model 4e
  OR (95% CI) P-value OR (95% CI) P-value OR (95% CI) P-value OR (95% CI) P-value
AHEI-2010
 Total scoref 0. 63 (0.47, 0.84) 0.002 0.64 (0.46, 0.88) 0.006 0.95 (0.91, 0.99) 0.020 0.95 (0.91, 0.99) 0.018
 Red/processed meatsg 0.57 (0.43, 0.76) < 0.001 0.51 (0.36, 0.73) < 0.001 0.71 (0.51, 0.99) 0.044 0.66 (0.44, 0.99) 0.042
DQI-I
 Total scoreh 0.70 (0.53, 0.93) 0.014 0.68 (0.50. 0.93) 0.017 0.73 (0.53, 1.01) 0.054 0.73 (0.53, 1.00) 0.052
 Varietyi 0.65 (0.49, 0.86) 0.003 0.60 (0.44, 0.81) 0.001 0.63 (0.46, 0.86) 0.004 0.62 (0.45, 0.94) 0.003
 Moderationj 0.70 (0.53, 0.92) 0.030 0.69 (0.50, 0.95) 0.024 0.99 (0.68, 1.46) 0.977 0.99 (0.68, 1.48) 0.990
DASH score
 Total scorek 0.71 (0.54, 0.94) 0.017 0.71 (0.52, 0.97) 0.032 0.83 (0.60, 1.15) 0.266 0.83 (0.60, 1.16) 0.272
 Red/processed meatsl 0.52 (0.39, 0.70) < 0.001 0.46 (0.32, 0.66) < 0.001 0.57 (0.38, 0.84) 0.005 0.56 (0.38, 0.84) 0.004
  1. aObesity is defined as body mass index (BMI) ≥30 kg/m2
  2. bModel 1: crude data
  3. cModel 2: adjusted for age, sex, education level, employment status, smoking status, alcohol drinking status, duration of diabetes, oral antidiabetic drug use, insulin use, physical activity level
  4. dModel 3: adjusted for all factors in Model 2, plus total energy intake
  5. eModel 4: adjust for all factors in Model 3, plus glycated hemoglobin
  6. f1 SD = 12.0 points
  7. g1 SD = 2.9 points
  8. h1 SD = 7.5 points
  9. i1 SD = 1.6 points
  10. j1 SD = 4.9 points
  11. k1 SD = 5.2 points
  12. l1 SD = 1.4 points
  13. AHEI-2010 Alternate Healthy Eating Index-2010, CI confidence interval, DASH Dietary Approaches to Stop Hypertension score, DQI-I Diet Quality Index-International, OR odds ratio, SD standard deviation