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Table 2 Prevalence (95% CI) and prevalence ratio (95% CI) of metabolic syndrome with stratification for demographic, nutritional and behavioral correlates of adolescents from Dourados, Mato Grosso do Sul, Brazil, 2016

From: Correlates of metabolic syndrome among young Brazilian adolescents population

  Prevalence (95% CI) Prevalence Ratio p-value
  Overall 4.7 (3.6–6.0)   
Demographic Indicators
Sex     0.217
  Girls 4.4 (3.5–5.4) Reference  
  Boys 5.0 (3.8–6.4) 1.10 (0.95–1.41)  
Age     0.173
  12–15 years 4.2 (3.2–5.3) Reference  
  16–18 years 5.2 (4.0–6.6) 1.21 (1.03–1.63)  
Ethnicity     0.341
  Caucasian 4.9 (3.8–6.1) 1.04 (0.92–1.29)  
  Non-Caucasian 4.6 (3.5–5.8) Reference  
Economic class     0.139
  Class D-E (Low) 4.3 (3.3–5.4) Reference  
  Class C 4.6 (3.6–5.8) 1.05 (0.93–1.39)  
  Class B-A (High) 5.4 (4.2–6.8) 1.23 (1.04–1.68)  
Schooling of Parents/Guardians     0.166
  ≤ 4 years 4.2 (3.3–5.1) Reference  
  5–8 years 4.6 (3.5–5.9) 1.07 (0.94–1.34)  
  9–11 years 4.9 (3.7–6.4) 1.14 (0.98–1.46)  
  ≥ 12 years 5.2 (3.9–6.7) 1.21 (1.01–1.67)  
Family structure     0.367
  Father and mother 4.9 (3.8–6.1) 1.04 (0.93–1.30)  
  Separated Parents 4.6 (3.5–5.8) Reference  
  Relatives 4.7 (3.7–5.8) 1.00 (0.89–1.36)  
Labor Activity     0.274
  None 4.9 (3.8–6.1) 1.03 (0.94–1.30)  
  Eventual 4.6 (3.4–5.9) Reference  
  ≥ 20 h/week 5.1 (3.9–6.5) 1.08 (0.95–1.35)  
Nutritional Anthropometric status
Body mass index     < 0.001
  Low weight 4.0 (3.4–4.7) Reference  
  Normal weight 4.4 (3.5–5.5) 1.08 (0.96–1.33)  
  Overweight 4.9 (3.8–6.1) 1.21 (1.02–1.69)  
  Obesity 5.6 (4.4–6.8) 1.38 (1.15–1.90)  
Behavioral indicators   
Physical activity     0.181
  Less active 5.1 (4.0–6.3) 1.19 (1.01–1.67)  
  Moderately Active 4.8 (3.8–5.9) 1.12 (0.96–1.45)  
  More active 4.2 (3.4–5.2) Reference  
Screen Time     0.119
  ≤ 2 h/day 4.2 (3.3–5.3) Reference  
  > 2 h/day 5.3 (4.1–6.7) 1.24 (1.02–1.69)  
Fruits/vegetables intake     0.002
  No consumption 5.4 (4.2–6.8) 1.35 (1.13–1.91)  
  Intake 1–4 days/week 4.9 (4.8–6.1) 1.22 (1.03–1.73)  
  Intake ≥5 days/week 3.9 (3.2–4.8) Reference  
Sweetened products/soft drinks intake     0.159
  No intake 4.3 (3.3–5.4) Reference  
  Intake 1–4 days/week 4.6 (3.5–5.9) 1.04 (0.94–1.34)  
  Intake ≥5 days/week 5.2 (4.0–6.5) 1.20 (1.01–1.69)