Skip to main content

Table 1 Foods included in FFQ for Morocco

From: Adaptation and validation of a food frequency questionnaire (FFQ) to assess dietary intake in Moroccan adults

Name
1-Bread
 Any type of bread
 Bread, whole meal, average (Durum Wheat)
 Bread, white, French stick
 Bread of zouane (Rye)
 Mllaoui/rghaif/mssemen/batbout/matlouaa
 Bread of smida/harcha (Semolina)
 Homemade bread
 Other type of bread (barley)
2-Breakfast with grains
 Any type of grains
 Assida/Smida
 Dchicha/belboula
 Porridge (herbel), mflak
 All-Bran
 Corn Flakes
3-Couscous
 Barley Couscous, cooked with meat, vegetables and dried grape
 Barley Couscous, cooked with sugar and cinnamon
 Wheat Couscous, cooked with meat, vegetables and dried grape
 Wheat Couscous, cooked with sugar and cinnamon
 Corn Couscous, cooked with meat, vegetables and dried grape
 Corn Couscous, cooked with sugar and cinnamon
4-Pasta
 Any type of Pasta
 Pasta white boiled (Spaghetti, Macaroni)
 Pasta, whole meal, boiled
 Pasta with meat vegetables and cheese
 Chaaria Mhammsa
5-Cake
 Any type of cake, cherry
 Madeleine cake
 Cake with date
 Croissants
 Moroccan swetees
 Basboussa Maqrout
 Aassida
 Doughnuts, ring
 Rice pudding, canned
 Pancake roll
 Cake, coconut
 Sellou Zammita
 Chabbakia Mkharrka
6-Rice
 Any type of rice, brown, boiled
 Rice, white, easy cook, boiled
 Rice, brown, boiled
 Noodles, rice, dried
7-Sugar
 Sugar, white
 Jam, fruit spread
 Honey
 Syrup, golden
8-Sweets without chocolate
 Chew sweets
 Fudge
 Toffees
 Cereal chewy bar
 Polo skimo glace
9-Chocolate
 Any type of chocolate
 Chocolate covered bar with fruit/nut/bix
 Natural white and black chocolate
10-Vegetable oil
 Oil, vegetable, blended, average
 Oil, safflower
 Oil, olive
 Oil, Argan
 Oil, corn
11-Margarine and vegetable fat
 Any margarine and vegetable fat, (except soya fat)
 Light margarine or less fat (30% fat)
 Margarine (from 40 to 60% fat)
 Normal margarine (more than 70% fat)
 Mixed fat (except soya)
 Original fat of soya (any type)
12-Butter and animals fat
 Any animal fat (butter)
 Butter with less fat (40% less fat)
 Butter with less fat (from 40 to 60% fat)
 Smen (traditional butter)
13-Nuts
 Any type of dried Fruit
 Peanuts, plain
 Cashew nuts, roasted & salted
 Almonds toasted
 Walnuts
 Pistachio nuts, roasted & salted
 Chestnuts
 Oak nut
14-Legumes
 Any legumes
 white beans, boiled
 Lentils, red, split, boiled
 Chick peas, whole, dried, boiled unsal
 Green beans/French beans, raw
 Broad beans, frozen, boiled in unsalted
 Soya beans, dried, boiled
 Peas, raw
15-Vegetables (mean dish)
 Any vegetables except potatoes
 Lettuce, average, raw
 Spinach, raw
 Fenugreek seeds
 Rejla; Bakkoula
 Mloukhia (jews Mallow)
 Tomatoes, raw
 Aubergine, raw (Eggplant)
 Courgette, raw (squash)
 Peppers, red, raw, yellow
 Cucumber, raw
 Carrots, raw
 Parsnip, raw
 Swede, raw
 Artichoke globe, raw
 Radish, white, mooli, raw
 Beetroot, raw
 Chilli peppers, green, raw
 Sweet corn Kernels, raw
 Asparagus, raw
 Aromatic herbs (Mint basilica, parsley basil coriander)
 Leeks, raw
 Mushrooms, black, white
 Onions, raw
 Garlic, raw
 Cauliflower, raw
 Pumpkin red
 Brussels sprouts, raw
 Broccoli, green, raw
 Cabbage white, red, green
 Tomatoes stuffed with vegetables
 Pickle, mixed veg
 Ginger, root
16-Potatoes (mean dish)
 Any type of potatoes
 Potatoes, old mashed with hard marg
 Potatoes, old, baked, flesh & skin
 Chips, homemade, fried in blended oil
 Salad, potato with French dressing
 Potato cakes fried in veg oil
 Tortillas
 Sweet potato
17-Fruits (one unit)
 Any type of fruits
 Apples
 Pears
 Bananas
 Peaches
 Avocado
 Cherries
 Lemon pickles
 Mulberries, raw, Blackcurrants, Raspberries
 Watermelon
 Grapes
 Mangoes
 Apricots
 Nectarines
 Plums
 Dried mixed fruit
 Pineapple
 Kiwi Fruit
 Juice, lemon
 Oranges
 Mandarine
 Grapefruit
 Fruit cocktail, conserved in syrup
 Figs, raw, dried
 Black or green olives
 Raisins
 Dates, dried with stones
18-Juice
 Orange juice (concentrate)
 Pomegranate juice (pomegranate, raw)
 Any other type of juice
19-Non-alcoholic beverages
 Lemonade
 Beet juice
 Mineral water
20-Coffee/Tea
 Tea, infusion
 Coffee, instant, made up
 Zizwa (coffee, liquid)
 Tea, Chinese, leaves, infusion
 Mint, fresh
 Other herbal infusions
21-Beer
 Any type of beer
22-Wine
 Any type of wine
 Wine, red
 Wine, white, dry
 Wine, rose
23- Other-alcoholic beverages
 Port, sherry, liqueur,
 Spirits 37.5%
24-Red meat
 Any type of red meat (beef, cow, lamb, goat)
 Beef, fillet steak, forerib, lean & fat, roast, steamed, grilled
 Beef in tagine
 Minced meat of beef
 Lamb, grilled, steamed, roasted
 Lamb cooked in tagine, Mrouzia
 Minced meat of lamb
 Goat meat
 Veal, fillet, roast
 Camel meat
 Rabbit, Duck, partridge
 Sausage of beef, lamb, cow, chilled, fried
 kocha or bread filled with meat
 Kabab, chawarma
 Pork
Khliaa/Dried meat
 Khliaa (dried meat with salt and cooked with fat), cow
 Khliaa (dried meat with salt and cooked with fat), sheep
 Qaddid (dried meat with salt), cow, sheep
 Dried pork meat
25-Poultry
 Any type of chicken
 Chicken steamed
 Chicken cooked in tagine
 Chicken grilled and roasted
 Turkey steamed
 Turkey cooked in tagine
 Turkey grilled and roasted
 Sausage and skewer of turkey
Poultry smoked, conserved
 Any poultry smoked, conserved (e.g. mortadella, casheer)
26-Offal (sekat)
 Liver of beef, lamb
 Tongue, heart, kidney, head, brain, of cow or beef or sheep, lamb
27-Fish
 Any fish fresh, smoked, white, fat
 Fresh fat fish (e.g. salamon, tuna, truite, sardine, bouri)
 White fresh fish (e.g. sole, merlan)
 Fresh fish / other sea foods (eggs of fish)
 Seafood shrimp, squid, mussels
Frozen seafood
 Frozen fat fish (e.g. salamon, tuna, truite, sardine, bouri)
 Frozen white fish (e.g. sole, merlan)
 Conserved fat fish (e.g. salamon, tuna, truite, sardine, bouri)
 Fat fish dried or smoked (e.g. salamon, tuna, truite, sardine, bouri)
 White fish dried or smoked (e.g. sole, merlan)
 Conserved seafood shrimp, squid, mussels
28-Eggs
 Farmer eggs
 Farmer egg boiled or sandwich
 Farmer eggs’s meals: Omlet, eggs with tomatos, eggs with pepper and tomatos
 Dessert with Farmer eggs (Cake, egg tart)
 Industrial eggs
 Industrial egg boiled or sandwich
 Industrial egg’s meals: Omlet, eggs with tomatos, eggs with pepper and tomatos
 Dessert with Industrial eggs (Cake, egg tart)
29-Milk of cow/Milk of soya
 Whole milk (milk,cow,whole,3,5%fat)
 Lben (alone or with fruit)
 Skimmed milk (Milk, cow, skimmed, 0,5% fat)
 Semi skimmed milk (Milk, cow, partly skimmed, 1.5% fat)
 Milk free fat
 Raib
 Soya milk
 Saykook
 Yaourt
 Yaourt Activia
 Soya yaourt
30-Cheese
 Any type of cheese
 Hard cheese (e.g. Cheddar, Parmesan)
 Soft cheese (Camembert, Brie, Philadelphia)
 Semi hard Cheese (Gouda, Emmental/Edam)
 Jben (Natural or aromatic)
 Fresh cheese (e.g. Vita, Mozarelle)
 Others: La vache qui rit, Kiri, Coeur du lait, Junior
31-Other dairy products
 Ice cream
 Cream
 Fresh cream
 Double cream
32- Miscellaneous foods
 Soup with vegetables and meat
 Soup with vegetables and grains (e.g. Dchicha, Smida)
 Soup with meat or offal
 Soup with fish
 Tagine with meat or poultry
 Salt brik
 Pizza
 Sorghum
 Chilli sauce
 Ketchup
 Salad sauce
 Mayonnaise
 Mustard