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Table 5 Relation of serum 25(OH)D concentrations with dietary pattern scores: National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES) 2003-2006a,b

From: Association of serum vitamin D concentrations with dietary patterns in children and adolescents

  βc Standardized β SE for βd P-valuee
Unadjusted analysis
 HFLVD Pattern Scoref
  All subjects −135.6 −0.13 32.3 < 0.001
  Boys −81.4 −0.08 47.8 0.099
  Girls −193.0 −0.19 36.7 < 0.001
 PD Pattern Scoref
  All subjects 57.12 0.06 30.8 0.073
  Boys 36.13 0.04 31.8 0.265
  Girls 79.75 0.08 36.1 0.035
Adjusted analysis
 HFLVD Pattern Scoref
  All subjectsg − 39.1 −0.04 26.6 0.153
  Boysh 17.7 0.02 36.3 0.631
  Girlsh − 88.5 −0.09 34.6 0.016
 PD Pattern Scoref
  All subjectsg 59.1 0.06 23.5 0.017
  Boysh 35.7 0.03 24.1 0.149
  Girlsh 82.1 0.08 31.8 0.015
  1. an = 4404; weighted n = 60,274,698. NHANES 2003–2004 and 2005–2006 were combined into one master database, NHANES 2001–2006
  2. bRegression analysis using factor scores as continuous variable and dependent variable, serum 25(OH)D concentrations
  3. cMultivariate regression coefficient
  4. dStandard error for multivariate regression coefficient
  5. eSignificance between dietary patterns and serum 25(OH)D in the regression model
  6. fHigh-Fat-Low-Vegetable Dietary pattern or Prudent Dietary pattern
  7. gAnalysis was adjusted for sex, race-ethnicity, age, season of examination, body mass index, and daily screen viewing. Poverty income ratio, supplement use, and energy intake were not found significant in this model, therefore those variables were dropped from the analysis
  8. hAnalysis was adjusted for race-ethnicity, age, season of examination, body mass index, and daily sun screen viewing. Poverty income ratio, supplement use, and energy intake were not found significant in this model, therefore those variables were dropped from the analysis