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Table 1 Food patterns, energy, and selected nutrients for drinkers of milk, 100% juice, milk and 100% juice, and other beverages NHANES 2011–2014: Ages 4-19 y [n = 8119]

From: Beverage consumption patterns among 4–19 y old children in 2009–14 NHANES show that the milk and 100% juice pattern is associated with better diets

  Milk Pattern 100% Juice Pattern Milk and 100% Juice Pattern Other Beverages Pattern p a Ad b
  n = 1209 n = 543 n = 1081 n = 5286   
  Mean 95% CI Mean 95% CI Mean 95% CI Mean 95% CI   
Food groups and HEI
 Total Dairy (cup-eq) 3.44 3.25 3.63 1.30 1.13 1.48 2.85 2.69 3.01 1.76 1.70 1.83 <.001 <.001
 Milk (cup-eq) 2.53 2.39 2.67 0.47 0.42 0.52 2.00 1.87 2.13 0.83 0.79 0.87 <.001 <.001
 Yogurts (cup-eq) 0.05 0.03 0.06 0.04 0.02 0.06 0.09 0.06 0.12 0.04 0.03 0.05 0.007 0.012
 Cheese (cup-eq) 0.84 0.74 0.94 0.78 0.62 0.94 0.75 0.65 0.84 0.88 0.83 0.93 0.034 0.120
 Total Fruits (cup-eq) 0.72 0.65 0.80 2.31 2.15 2.48 2.02 1.92 2.12 0.82 0.74 0.89 <.001 <.001
 Whole Fruits (cup-eq) 0.70 0.62 0.77 0.68 0.55 0.81 0.89 0.81 0.97 0.60 0.54 0.67 <.001 0.001
 Total vegetable (cup-eq) 0.91 0.81 1.00 0.86 0.75 0.96 0.91 0.82 1.00 0.99 0.95 1.03 0.034 0.33
 HEI 2010 49.65 48.79 50.51 52.44 51.09 53.79 55.70 54.36 57.04 44.36 43.69 45.02 <.001 <.001
Energy and nutrients
 Energy (kcal) 1924 1828 2020 1798 1718 1879 1998 1933 2063 2029 1991 2066 <.001
 Total sugars (g) 109 104 113 109 103 115 133 129 137 130 127 134 <.001 <.001
 Added sugars (teaspoon eq) 13 13 14 11 10 12 14 13 15 23 22 24 <.001 <.001
 Fiber (g) 15 14 16 15 14 15 15 15 16 14 14 14 0.008 <.001
 Calcium (mg) 1379 1308 1450 920 837 1004 1314 1262 1366 934 909 958 <.001 <.001
 Potassium (mg) 2475 2339 2611 2182 2069 2295 2713 2629 2796 2100 2058 2142 <.001 <.001
 Vitamin A (IU) 796 753 839 499 461 538 698 660 736 527 510 545 <.001 <.001
 Vitamin C (mg) 47 40 54 144 130 158 118 111 124 70 66 75 <.001 <.001
 Vitamin D (mcg) 9 9 10 4 3 4 8 8 9 4 4 4 <.001 <.001
 Vitamin E (mcg) 7 6 8 7 6 7 7 6 7 7 7 8 0.032 0.008
  1. aunadjusted regression models
  2. bregression models adjusted for gender, poverty level and total dietary energy