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Table 2 Scoring criteria for the BALANCE dietary index, mean score (95% confidence interval) among men and women with a history of cardiovascular disease

From: Development of a dietary index based on the Brazilian Cardioprotective Nutritional Program (BALANCE)

Index component (BALANCE food group) Criteria for 0 point* Criteria for 10 point* Score for men Score for women
Green (vegetables, fruits, beans and legumes, low-fat milk) 0 ≥ the recommendation 4.49 (4.34; 4.65) 4.55 (4.36; 4.73)
Yellow (rice, bread, pasta, oats, couscous, nuts, vegetable oil) 50% > or < the recommendation = the recommendation 3.50 (3.30; 3.69) 3.52 (3.29; 3.74)
Blue (meat, fish, cheese, eggs)** ≥ 2 beyond the recommended ≤ the recommendation 5.20 (4.95; 5.46) 6.09 (5.80;6.38)
Red (ultra-processed foods)** ≥ 4 ≤ 0 5.37 (5.14; 5.61) 5.90 (5.64; 6.16)
Total score (range)** 0 40 18.56 (18.11; 19.02) 20.05 (19.54; 20.56)
  1. BALANCE = Brazilian Cardioprotective Nutritional Program
  2. *Servings/d between the minimum and maximum criteria were given the scores proportionally
  3. **Statistical differences between means p < 0.05 (Mann-Whitney test)