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Table 1 Descriptive trends in the percent who cooked and mean per capita time spent cooking, 2003 to 2006 (N = 139,219)

From: Who’s cooking? Trends in US home food preparation by gender, education, and race/ethnicity from 2003 to 2016

  N= % who cooked at home Mean per capita time spent cooking (min/person/day)
2003 2016 2003 2016 p-value 2003 SE 2016 SE p-value
Gender
 Male 7243 3508 35% 46% 0.000 15.4 0.5 20.4 0.8 0.000
 Female 9104 4199 67% 70% 0.006 46.6 0.8 49.5 1.2 0.045
Race/Ethnicity
 NH white 11,726 4791 52% 60% 0.000 29.3 0.5 32.3 0.9 0.006
 NH black 1892 1124 48% 50% 0.529 29.3 1.4 32.2 2.0 0.229
 Hispanic 1960 1301 51% 58% 0.006 42.2 1.8 41.9 2.0 0.902
 NH other 769 491 49% 62% 0.000 33.2 2.2 52.3 3.9 0.000
Education
  < HS 1866 683 49% 53% 0.121 38.2 1.7 43.3 2.9 0.124
 HS or Some College 9385 3970 51% 57% 0.000 30.4 0.6 34.3 1.1 0.002
 College or greater 5096 3054 53% 61% 0.000 29.1 0.7 33.7 1.1 0.000
Age group
 18–25 2874 1224 39% 48% 0.000 21.1 0.9 24.3 1.5 0.063
 26–40 6641 2804 55% 62% 0.000 35.6 0.8 40.9 1.4 0.001
 41–65 6832 3679 56% 62% 0.000 33.9 0.8 37.9 1.1 0.004
Employment status
 Not in labor force 4463 2131 63% 67% 0.019 49.0 1.2 54.9 1.9 0.008
 Working part-time 2107 996 55% 59% 0.227 33.5 1.3 34.6 2.0 0.639
 Working full-time 9777 4580 45% 54% 0.000 22.6 0.5 26.3 0.8 0.000
Marital status
Unmarried 6038 3356 43% 51% 0.000 21.6 0.6 25.9 1.0 0.000
 Married 10,309 4351 56% 63% 0.000 36.7 0.6 41.8 1.1 0.000
Child <18y present
 No children 8805 4317 46% 53% 0.000 24.9 0.5 28.1 0.9 0.002
 1 or more children 7542 3390 60% 68% 0.000 41.7 0.8 48.9 1.3 0.000
  1. NH non-Hispanic, HS high school