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Table 2 Food group intake and percentage contribution of each food group to diet-related GHGE a

From: Greenhouse gas emissions of self-selected diets in the UK and their association with diet quality: is energy under-reporting a problem?

  All (n = 3502) b Plausible reporters (n = 1895) Under-reporters (n = 1578)
Intake (g/d) Contribution to GHGE (%) Intake (g/d) Contribution to GHGE (%) Intake (g/d) Contribution to GHGE (%)
Mean SD Mean SD Mean SD Mean SD Mean SD Mean SD
Red meat 85.2 67.1 24.4 16.9 90.5 69.8 24.2 16.2 77.9 61.3 24.8 17.8
White meat 44.3 55.4 5.9 6.8 44.9 59.3 5.4 6.3 42.6 47.9 6.5 7.3
Fish 30.8 37.3 6.0 7.5 35.1 39.3 6.4 7.4 25.5 33.9 5.5 7.5
Dairy products 223.0 150.3 13.6 8.6 247.6 155.4 14.3 8.7 191.8 134.6 12.7 8.4
Eggs 20.5 33.9 1.8 2.5 22.9 40.5 1.8 2.5 17.4 23.3 1.8 2.5
Cereals 185.5 96.8 6.9 5.1 198.8 99.9 6.8 4.9 168.9 89.3 7.1 5.3
Potatoes 90.1 67.1 2.8 2.2 96.6 68.8 2.8 2.0 82.2 64.3 2.9 2.4
Vegetables 139.2 93.3 5.3 4.0 148.3 91.2 5.1 3.6 127.8 94.3 5.5 4.5
Beans and pulses 24.4 35.8 0.7 1.2 25.4 35.7 0.7 1.0 23.2 36.1 0.8 1.5
Nuts and seeds 3.6 11.6 0.2 0.6 4.4 11.6 0.2 0.4 2.8 11.6 0.1 0.7
Fruit 101.2 105.5 2.8 3.0 111.3 108.5 2.8 2.8 88.8 99.4 2.8 3.2
Fats and oils 13.8 11.1 5.5 4.9 16.0 11.6 5.8 5.0 11.0 9.1 5.0 4.6
Sugar and confectioneries 97.7 78.4 6.0 5.8 112.7 78.3 6.2 5.2 77.1 70.2 5.6 6.4
Soft drinks 222.6 347.1 7.3 10.0 223.6 354.4 6.6 8.9 216.4 322.0 8.1 10.9
Fruit juice 50.1 101.9 2.1 4.0 59.6 110.5 2.3 4.0 37.4 78.6 1.8 3.8
Alcoholic beverages 212.2 401.5 4.8 8.0 252.2 452.0 5.2 8.0 165.0 318.8 4.4 8.0
Tea, coffee and water 783.8 494.3 3.9 4.5 828.3 492.2 3.5 3.7 733.0 492.6 4.5 5.3
  1. GHGE greenhouse gas emissions
  2. a Plausible reporters were defined as participants with a ratio of reported energy intake (EI) to estimated energy requirement (EER) 0.70–1.43; under-reporters were defined as participants with an EI:EER < 0.70
  3. b Including over-reporters (n = 29), defined as participants with an EI:EER > 1.43