Skip to main content

Table 3 Multivariate adjusted OR of incident hypertension by dietary pattern quartiles in women from the MTCa-e

From: Western and Modern Mexican dietary patterns are directly associated with incident hypertension in Mexican women: a prospective follow-up study

Model Q1 Q2 Q3 Q4 P-trend Continuousa
Fruits & Vegetables
 Cases 713 737 736 730   
 Non-cases 15,015 14,991 14,993 14,998   
 Age-adjusted b 1 1.00(0.90,1.11) 0.96(0.87,1.07) 0.91(0.82,1.01) 0.06 0.96(0.92,0.99)
 Multivariable c 1 1.03(0.92,1.14) 0.97(0.87,1.09) 0.94(0.84,1.05) 0.19 0.96(0.92,1.00)
 Multivariable+BMId 1 1.07(0.96,1.20) 0.99(0.88,1.11) 1.00(0.89,1.13) 0.71 0.98(0.94,1.02)
Western
 Cases 679 729 736 772   
 Non-cases 15,049 14,999 14,993 14,956   
 Age-adjusted b 1 1.10(0.99,1.22) 1.14(1.02,1.26) 1.23(1.11,1.37) ˂0.0001 1.08(1.04,1.12)
 Multivariable c 1 1.10(0.98,1.23) 1.12(1.00,1.26) 1.24(1.10,1.40) 0.0004 1.09(1.04,1.13)
 Multivariable+BMId 1 1.10(0.98,1.23) 1.06(0.94,1.20) 1.17(1.03,1.32) 0.03 1.06(1.01,1.11)
Modern Mexican
 Cases 705 752 750 709   
 Non-cases 15,023 14,976 14,979 15,019   
 Age-adjusted b 1 1.12(1.01,1.24) 1.15(1.03,1.27) 1.10(0.99,1.22) 0.08 1.03(0.99,1.07)
 Multivariable c 1 1.11(1.00,1.24) 1.18(1.06,1.32) 1.15(1.02,1.29) 0.01 1.05(1.00,1.09)
 Multivariable+BMId 1 1.03(0.92,1.15) 1.08(0.97,1.22) 0.99(0.88,1.12) 0.95 0.99(0.95,1.03)
  1. aMultivariate adjusted odds (95% CI) of incident hypertension by dietary patterns (continuous)
  2. bModel 1: adjusted for age (continuous)
  3. cModel 2: adjusted as in model 1 plus socioeconomic status (tertiles), education (high school, college, graduate), State (12 states of Mexico), menopausal status (premenopausal, postmenopausal, unknown), diabetes, hypercholesterolemia (yes/no), smoking (never, past, current, and missing), recreational physical activity (minutes/week), and energy intake (quartiles)
  4. dModel 3: adjusted as in model 2 plus body mass index (kg/m2)
  5. eAbbreviations. MTC: Mexican Teachers’ Cohort; Q1-Q4: quartile1-quartile4