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Table 2 Age-adjusted characteristics of 62,913 Mexican women from the MTC at baseline by dietary pattern quartilesa-d

From: Western and Modern Mexican dietary patterns are directly associated with incident hypertension in Mexican women: a prospective follow-up study

  Fruits & Vegetables
Dietary Pattern
Western
Dietary Pattern
Modern
Mexican Dietary Pattern
Q1 Q4 Q1 Q4 Q1 Q4
Age at questionnaireb, years 41.1 ± 7.3 43.2 ± 7.1 42.7 ± 7.3 41.3 ± 7.4 42.9 ± 7.5 41.5 ± 7.1
Indigenousc, % 7 7 15 5 5 11
Regions in Mexico
 - Northern Mexico, % 17 23 12 31 15 26
 - Central Mexico, % 16 18 17 13 18 14
 - Mexico City and State of Mexico, % 30 22 21 25 33 17
 - Southern Mexico, % 37 37 50 31 34 42
Graduate education, % 13 17 11 17 15 13
Highest socioeconomic status tertile, % 41 47 28 56 47 40
Menopausal status
 - Premenopausal, % 77 76 75 78 76 77
 - Postmenopausal, % 14 14 15 13 14 14
 - Missing, % 9 10 10 9 10 9
Body mass index, kg/m2 27.3 ± 4.6 26.9 ± 4.2 26.7 ± 4.2 27.2 ± 4.6 26.3 ± 4.0 27.7 ± 4.7
Current smokers, % 10 9 4 15 7 12
Diabetes mellitus, % 2 4 3 3 2 4
Hypercholesterolemia, % 9 12 11 10 11 10
Recreational physical activity, min/week 30(0,180) 90(0,270) 60(0,210) 60(0,210) 120(30,330) 30(0,150)
Total energy, kcal/day 1796(1405,2276) 1712(1335,2180) 1825(1409,2322) 1556(1210,1978) 1928(1510,2430) 1550(1216,1961)
  1. aValues are mean ± SD for continuous variables and percent for categorical variables. Physical activity and total energy intake are expressed as median (IQR). Values are age standardized to the age distribution of the study population. Values of polytomous variables may not sum to 100% due to rounding. N = 15,728 per quartile in all patterns (except Q3: 15,729)
  2. bVariable is not age adjusted
  3. cParticipants who reported speaking an indigenous language or having a parent who did were defined as indigenous
  4. dAbbreviations: MTC: Mexican Teachers’ Cohort; Q1-Q4: quartile1-quartile4