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Table 4 Adolescence bone variables across the quartile groups of each dietary patterns derived during adolescence1

From: Vegetarian-style dietary pattern during adolescence has long-term positive impact on bone from adolescence to young adulthood: a longitudinal study

  Dietary pattern score quartiles2 P value
  Quartile1 (n = 31) Quartile2 (n = 31) Quartile3 (n = 31) Quartile4 (n = 32)  
Vegetarian-style
 TBBMC 1555.34 ± 33.15 1579.43 ± 31.58 1649.63 ± 32.15 1634.61 ± 32.15 0.18
 TBaBMD 0.88 ± 0.01a 0.90 ± 0.01a,b 0.93 ± 0.01b 0.91 ± 0.01a,b 0.025
 FNBMC 3.64 ± 0.01 3.69 ± 0.01 3.86 ± 0.01 3.79 ± 0.01 0.31
 FNaBMD 0.75 ± 0.01 0.78 ± 0.01 0.80 ± 0.01 0.76 ± 0.01 0.22
 LSBMC 37.08 ± 1.18 39.68 ± 1.18 39.03 ± 1.19 38.9 ± 1.19 0.52
 LSaBMD 0.73 ± 0.01 0.77 ± 0.01 0.77 ± 0.01 0.75 ± 0.01 0.20
Western-like
 TBBMC 1612.62 ± 33.61 1623.64 ± 31.58 1594.61 ± 32.25 1588 ± 33.32 0.86
 TBaBMD 0.91 ± 0.01 0.91 ± 0.01 0.91 ± 0.01 0.90 ± 0.01 0.74
 FNBMC 3.78 ± 0.11 3.68 ± 0.11 3.8 ± 0.12 3.8 ± 0.12 0.92
 FNaBMD 0.79 ± 0.01 0.76 ± 0.01 0.77 ± 0.01 0.78 ± 0.01 0.82
 LSBMC 39.21 ± 1.22 39.52 ± 1.14 38.18 ± 1.21 37.79 ± 1.21 0.73
 LSaBMD 0.76 ± 0.01 0.76 ± 0.01 0.76 ± 0.01 0.75 ± 0.01 0.93
High-fat, high-protein
 TBBMC 1630.53 ± 32.15 1597.64 ± 32.14 1586.65 ± 32.15 1603.71 ± 34.28 0.82
 TBaBMD 0.91 ± 0.01 0.90 ± 0.01 0.90 ± 0.01 0.91 ± 0.01 0.92
 FNBMC 3.79 ± 0.01 3.88 ± 0.01 3.67 ± 0.01 3.68 ± 0.01 0.40
 FNaBMD 0.77 ± 0.01 0.79 ± 0.01 0.77 ± 0.01 0.77 ± 0.01 0.74
 LSBMC 38.91 ± 1.19 38.91 ± 1.19 39.08 ± 1.28 37.79 ± 1.28 0.91
 LSaBMD 0.74 ± 0.01 0.76 ± 0.01 0.77 ± 0.01 0.76 ± 0.01 0.77
Mixed
 TBBMC 1580.01 ± 32.38 1608 ± 30.28 1657 ± 30.73 1572 ± 32.75 0.22
 TBaBMD 0.89 ± 0.01 0.91 ± 0.01 0.92 ± 0.01 0.90 ± 0.01 0.24
 FNBMC 3.79 ± 0.01 3.68 ± 0.01 3.88 ± 0.01 3.69 ± 0.01 0.41
 FNaBMD 0.77 ± 0.01 0.77 ± 0.01 0.80 ± 0.01 0.76 ± 0.01 0.50
 LSBMC 38.68 ± 1.21 37.77 ± 1.10 40.86 ± 1.10 37.31 ± 1.21 0.16
 LSaBMD 0.75 ± 0.01 0.75 ± 0.01 0.78 ± 0.01 0.75 ± 0.01 0.37
Snack
 TBBMC 1587.11 ± 30.77 1639.27 ± 30.22 1590.44 ± 31.17 1601.11 ± 32.54 0.59
 TBaBMD 0.90 ± 0.01 0.92 ± 0.01 0.90 ± 0.01 0.91 ± 0.01 0.37
 FNBMC 3.81 ± 0.09 3.85 ± 0.09 3.68 ± 0.09 3.88 ± 0.09 0.43
 FNaBMD 0.79 ± 0.01 0.78 ± 0.01 0.75 ± 0.01 0.78 ± 0.01 0.31
 LSBMC 38.09 ± 1.12 41.05 ± 1.12 37.31 ± 1.12 38.44 ± 1.22 0.12
 LSaBMD 0.76 ± 0.01 0.79 ± 0.01 0.73 ± 0.01 0.75 ± 0.01 0.055
  1. Abbreviations: aBMD areal bone mineral density, BMC bone mineral accrual, FN femoral neck, LS lumber spine, TB total body
  2. 1Values are Mean ± SE. Mean adolescence bone variables were adjusted for sex and adolescent age of peak height velocity, age, height, weight, physical activity score, total energy intake and other four dietary pattern scores as continuous variables and were compared across quartiles of adolescence dietary pattern scores using MANCOVA with Bonferroni adjustment for multiple comparisons. Labeled means in a row without a common superscript letter differ, P < 0.05
  3. 2Participants in Quartile four have the highest adherence to the DPs in adolescence