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Table 4 Stunting prevalence among children across tertiles of household, maternal and child nutrient pattern scores in Ethiopia, 2014

From: Associations of childhood, maternal and household dietary patterns with childhood stunting in Ethiopia: proposing an alternative and plausible dietary analysis method to dietary diversity scores

  Tertiles of dietary patterns
T1 T2 T3  
Household dietary patterns
  Pattern 1 (“fish, meat and miscellaneous”)  
 n 1298 1259 1154  
 Normal 715 (55.1%) 734 (58.3%) 668 (57.9%) 0.097
 Stunted 533 (41.1%) 472 (37.5%) 424 (36.7%)
 Missing 50 (3.9%) 53 (4.2%) 62 (5.4%)
  Pattern 2 (“egg, meat, poultry and legume”)  
 n 1327 1291 1093  
 Normal 760 (57.3%) 762 (59.0%) 595 (54.4%) 0.044
 Stunted 516 (38.9%) 464 (35.9%) 449 (41.1%)
 Missing 51 (3.8%) 65 (5.0%) 49 (4.5%)
  Pattern 3 (“dairy, vegetable and fruit”)  
 n 1441 1052 1218  
 Normal 776 (53.9%) 584 (55.5%) 757 (62.2%) <0.001
 Stunted 599 (41.6%) 425 (40.4%) 405 (33.3%)
 Missing 66 (4.6%) 43 (4.1%) 56 (4.6%)
Maternal dietary patterns
  Pattern 1 (“plant-based”)  
 n 1270 1232 1235  
 Normal 683 (53.8%) 701 (56.9%) 749 (60.6%) 0.002
 Stunted 529 (41.7%) 481 (39.0%) 431 (34.9%)
 Missing 58 (4.6%) 50 (4.1%) 55 (4.5%)
  Pattern 2 (“egg, meat, poultry and legume”)  
 n 1264 1291 1182  
 Normal 755 (59.7%) 714 (55.3%) 664 (56.2%) 0.020
 Stunted 447 (35.4%) 528 (40.9%) 466 (39.4%)
 Missing 62 (4.9%) 49 (3.8%) 52 (4.4%)
  Pattern 3 (“dairy, vegetable and fruit”)  
 n 1262 1233 1242  
 Normal 679 (53.8%) 708 (57.4%) 746 (60.1%) 0.002
 Stunted 530 (42.0%) 476 (38.6%) 435 (35.0%)
 Missing 53 (4.2%) 49 (4.0%) 61 (4.9%)
Child dietary patterns (6–59 months of age)
  Pattern 1 (“grain-based”)  
  1274 950 963  
 Normal 649 (50.9%) 509 (53.6%) 493 (51.2%) 0.430
 Stunted 584 (45.8%) 409 (43.1%) 421 (43.7%)
 Missing 41 (3.2%) 32 (3.4%) 49 (5.1%)
  Pattern 2 (“egg, meat, poultry and legume”)  
 n 1255 999 933  
 Normal 640 (51.0%) 538 (53.9%) 473 (50.7%) 0.249
 Stunted 561 (44.7%) 422 (42.2%) 431 (46.2%)
 Missing 54 (4.3%) 39 (3.9%) 29 (3.1%)
  Pattern 3 (“dairy, vegetable and fruit”)  
 n 1136 1029 1022  
 Normal 577 (50.8%) 499 (48.5%) 575 (56.3%) 0.002
 Stunted 505 (44.5%) 494 (48.0%) 415 (40.6%)
 Missing 54 (4.8%) 36 (3.5%) 32 (3.1%)