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Table 3 Household, maternal and child dietary diversity scores, food security and breastfeeding by stunting status in Ethiopia, 2014

From: Associations of childhood, maternal and household dietary patterns with childhood stunting in Ethiopia: proposing an alternative and plausible dietary analysis method to dietary diversity scores

Characteristics Total Normal Stunted p-value
N 3788 2161 1459  
Household dietary diversity score (HDDS), median (IQR) 5.0 (4.0, 7.0) 5.0 (4.0, 7.0) 5.0 (4.0, 6.0) 0.004
HDDS category
  < =5 HDDS 2031 (53.6%) 1131 (52.3%) 813 (55.7%) 0.045
  > 5 HDDS 1757 (46.4%) 1030 (47.7%) 646 (44.3%)
Women (DDS-W), median (IQR) 3.0 (2.0, 4.0) 3.0 (2.0, 5.0) 3.0 (2.0, 4.0) <0.001
DDS-W category
  < 5 DDSW 2859 (75.5%) 1595 (73.8%) 1137 (77.9%) 0.005
  > =5 DDSW 929 (24.5%) 566 (26.2%) 322 (22.1%)
DDS 6–23 months, median (IQR) 2.0 (1.0, 3.0) 2.0 (0.0, 3.0) 2.0 (2.0, 3.0) <0.001
DDS 6–23 months category
 0–3 food groups 779 (86.9%) 474 (87.9%) 282 (85.5%) 0.552
 4–7 food groups 117 (13.1%) 65 (12.1%) 48 (14.6%)
Child DDS (24–59 months), median (IQR) 3.0 (1.0, 4.0) 2.0 (0.0, 4.0) 3.0 (2.0, 4.0) <0.001
Child DDS (24–59 months) category
 0–3 food groups 1411 (61.7%) 661 (59.6%) 684 (63.1%) 0.054
 4–9 food groups 876 (38.3%) 448 (40.4%) 400 (36.9%)
Household food security
 Food Secure 1744 (46.0%) 1026 (47.5%) 621 (42.6%) 0.005
 Mildly Food Insecure Access 344 (9.1%) 201 (9.3%) 133 (9.1%)
 Moderately Food Insecure Access 1103 (29.1%) 626 (29.0%) 438 (30.0%)
 Severely Food Insecure Access 574 (15.2%) 298 (13.8%) 256 (17.5%)
 Missing 23 (0.6%) 10 (0.5%) 11 (0.8%)
Exclusive breast feeding 2719 (71.8%) 1592 (73.7%) 998 (68.4%) 0.001
  1. HDDS household dietary diversity score, DDSW women dietary diversity score